China, Religion, and Conflict
by Tobi Owoeye-Wise
China's Rise to Greater Economic Power
Hinduism Versus Buddhism
Buddhism- about finding the Anatman or not soul
Hinduism- Their place of worship is a Temple (Mandir)
Buddhism- Their place of worship are Pagodas, Monasteries, etc, they don't necessarily worship but they do practice deferential respect to the three Jewels (the 3 jewels are Dharma, Sangha, and Buddha). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Jewels
Hinduism- They do not have a particular founder.
Buddhism- Their founder is Gautama Buddha (born as Prince Siddhartha).
Hinduism- Their principle is to follow Dharma.
Buddhism- Their principe is that "This life is suffering, and the only way to escape from this suffering is to dispel one's cravings and ignorance by practicing the Eightfold Path," (the eightfold path is the path to nirvana , acheived by practicing 1. Right Understanding 2. Right Thought 3. Right Speech 4. Right Action 5. Right Livelihood 6. Right Effort 7. Right Mindfulness 8. Right Concentration).
But both stress on the supposedly fake nature of the world, the role of karma keeping men bound to this world, and the cycles between births and deaths. Both believe in certain spiritual practices, that include meditation, concentration, cultivation and certain states of mind. Lastly, both originated and grew from India.http://www.hinduwebsite.com/hinduism/h_buddhism.asp
The Kashmir Conflict
This dispute dates from 1947. The formation of the Indian sub-continent and Pakistan was from religious lines (Hinduism versus Islam), and with the location of Kashmir, it could choose either to be Indian or part of Pakistan. But the prince of that time, Hari Singh, chose to be independent. That didn't settle for the muslim nation next to them so they invaded and Singh was forced to appeal to the Indian government for protection, and so Kashmir ceded to become a state of India. Thus started the first Kashmir war from 1947-48. But soon India involved the UN and forced both to cease peacefully. Fighting broke out again in 1965, but a ceasefire was established that September. This created the Tashkent agreement in 1966.Then a third war in 1971 broke out and this created the independent nation of Bagladesh.