7 Significant Battles

of the civil war

The Battle of Fort Sumter

The battle of fort Sumter took place on April 12, 1861. This battle is important because, the first shot of the Civil war happened in this battle.

The Siege of Yorktown

The Siege of Yorktown took place on April 5, 1862. This battle is important because, this was the opening of McClellan's Peninsular campaign.

The Battle of Cedar Mountain

The Battle of Cedar Mountain took place on August 9th 1862. This battle is important because, John Pope’s new Federal Army of Virginia, was hoping to draw attention away from Maj. Gen. George McClellan’s withdrawal from the Peninsula.

The Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg took place on July 1st - 3rd 1863. This battle was important because Robert E. Lee led his Army of Northern Virginia in its second invasion of the North.

The Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse

The Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse took place on May 8th - 21st, 1864. This battle is important because Grant and Lee's Confederates both wanted to capture the Spotsylvania Courthouse.

The Battle of Cold Harbor

The battle of Cold Harbor took place on May 31 - June 12, 1864. This Battle was important because, the Union Army of the Potomac wanted to break the battered Confederate army and open the road to Richmond, the attack would serve as the conclusion and climax of Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant’s Overland campaign against General Robert E. Lee.

Surrender at Appomattox Court House

The Surrender at Appomattox Court House took place on April 9, 1865 It was important because on federate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his approximately 28,000 troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant. This ended the civil war.