Battle of Actium
Leading to the battle of Actium.
Octavian declared war against Cleopatra and thus making Anthony part of the war as well.
Augustus' top general
During the Battle
The Battle Ends
Augustus had few ships to spare so a small fleet led by Eurycles, whose father had been executed by Anthony, gave chase to Anthony. Eurycles rammed into one of the ships in Anthony’s fleet and captured it. Anthony gave no resistance so Eurycles attacked another ship and stole goods. Having made himself a little richer, Eurycles retreated.
Back at Actium, Anthony’s soldiers were doing poorly. Some fled, but most stayed until they were forced to surrender in late afternoon. Approximately 300 ships were taken and burned by order of Augustus. Anthony’s army on land was led by Publius Canidius, but he was unaware of the defeat at Actium. Augustus’ attempts to bring these soldiers to his side were unsuccessful until Candius fled one night. Cleopatra and Anthony retreated into Greece, however their loss was already assured.
Consul at the time and a supporter of Anthony
Cleopatra's first son supposedly sired by Caesar
One of Anthony's generals
After hearing about the events at Actium, many of Anthony’s supporters defected to Augustus or refused to help. The couple went to Egypt, their troops and hopes diminished. Augustus and Cornelius Gallus, a general, closed in on Alexandria. Anthony committed suicide and Cleopatra did the same soon after. Caesarion, who Cleopatra claimed Caesar’s child, was killed leaving the path clear for Augustus to ascend to power.
"The Battle of Actium." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2016.
Mark, Joshua J. "The Battle of Actium: Birth of an Empire." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 18 Jan. 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2016.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.
"Sea Battle of Actium Map." Octavian Rise to Power. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.