The United States Forest Service
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Northern Region: based in Missoula, Montana, the Northern Region (R1) covers six states (Montana, Northern Idaho, North Dakota, Northwestern South Dakota, Northeast Washington, and Northwest Wyoming), twelve National Forests and one National Grassland.
Rocky Mountain: based in Golden, Colorado, the Rocky Mountain Region (R2) covers five states (Colorado, Nebraska, Kansas and most of Wyoming and South Dakota), sixteen National Forests and seven National Grasslands.
Southwestern: based in Albuquerque, New Mexico, the Southwestern Region (R3) covers two states (New Mexico and Arizona) and eleven National Forests.
Intermountain: based in Ogden, Utah, the Intermountain Region (R4) covers four states (Southern Idaho, Nevada, Utah and Western Wyoming), twelve national forests.
Pacific Southwest: based in Vallejo, California, The Pacific Southwest Region (R5) covers two states (California and Hawaii), eighteen National Forests and one Management Unit.
Pacific Northwest: based in Portland, Oregon the Pacific Northwest Region (R6) covers two states (Washington and Oregon), twenty-one National Forests and one National Scenic Area.
Southern: based in Atlanta, Georgia, the Southern Region (R8) covers thirteen states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Oklahoma and Virginia; and Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands), and thirty-four National Forests.
Eastern: based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the Eastern Region (R9) covers twenty states (Maine, Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Indiana, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Delaware, and New Jersey), seventeen National Forests, one Grassland and America's Outdoors Center for Conservation, Recreation, and Resources.
Alaska: based in Juneau, Alaska, the Alaska Region (R10) covers one state (Alaska), and two National Forests.
Responsiblites of the USFS
As part of the USFS's management of forests, they are responsible for combating forest fires. SInce 1944 they have been using the character Smokey the Bear to help inform people about forest fires in the hopes of decreasing the frequency of them. They also have plenty of jobs oriented around fighting forest fires once they do occur.
The USFS is responsible for managing plenty of forest related activities such as hiking and hunting. The Forest Service wants people to be able to enjoy the environment while also keeping the environment's health in mind.
The Forest Service negotiates with third party logging companies to decide what lands they can cut and what methods they can use. While sometimes the Forest Service may restrict the loggers to strict selective cutting, they also sometimes permit clear cut logging. In return for access, the logging companies pay royalties to the USFS.
UN International Categories
National parks- the USFS is involved in many national parks by protecting them.
Manage Resource Protected Area- USFS puts limits on the lumber industry to try and reduce the amount of damage done by them.
Habitat/species Management Areas- manages the species of plants in the area, even trying to protect ecosystems from invasive species
Strict Nature Reserve and Wilderness Areas- the USFS protects wilderness areas trying to keep them in their natural state and prevent human intervention
Protected landscapes and seascapes- The USFS watches over certain areas that are appealing to humans, making sure they stay untouched and clean from human litter.
Laws and Policies
The Multiple Use Sustained Yield Act of 1960 - policy and purpose of the National Forests to provide for multiple-use and sustained yield of products and services.
Forest and Range Renewable Resources Planning - establishes public land policy and guidelines for the management, protection, development, and enhancement of the public lands.
The Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act - directs the Secretary of Agriculture to develop a program of land conservation and utilization to correct maladjustments in land use and thus assist such things as control of soil erosion, reforestation, preservation of natural resources and protection of fish and wildlife.
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 - protects animal and plant species currently in danger of extinction (endangered) and those that may become endangered in the foreseeable future (threatened). It provides for the conservation of ecosystems upon which threatened and endangered species of fish, wildlife, and plants depend, both through Federal action and by encouraging the establishment of state programs.
The National Historic Preservation Act - secures protection of archaeological resources and sites on public and Indian lands.
The Clean Water Act - sets the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants to waters of the United States. This is a link to the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) web site.
The Wilderness Act of 1964 - established the National Wilderness Preservation System.
Sustainable Practices of the USFS
- Improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, through the reduction of energy.
- Shift toward renewable energy such as solar power and biomass.
- Reduce water consumption in our buildings, grounds and related facilities.
- Increase the sustainability performance of purchased goods and services, and the performance of our suppliers, contractors and partners.
- Increase the number of Forest Service buildings that are Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certified.
- Improve our transportation and travel practices, which in turn will reduce harmful emissions, increase operational and fuel efficiency, and reduce the use of non-renewable fuel.
- Minimize waste generation and reduce landfill use. Reduce, reuse and recycle materials.