England and The Middle Ages

The Start of England

The history of England in the Middle Ages stretches from the end of the 5th century to the start of early modern period. England emerged after the fall of the Roman Empire. Germanic immigration spread all throughout Europe after the fall of Rome and developed new cultures and ideas. A group called Anglo-Saxons colonized England and converted to christianity in the 7th century and built churches across England.

England's Class System

1. Popes/Kings

2. Nobles

3. Knights

4. Knights

5. Farmers

6. Peasants/Serfs

Invasions of England

In the 8th and 9th centuries Vikings started to attack England and lasted for many decades. Wessex was established as a powerful kingdom with a strong military and a successful economy. The Vikings attacked England because they wanted to seek treasures, more land, and better soil for farming. After the Vikings were defeated Alfred the Great rose to power to govern Wessex. Alfred the Great’s grandson Athelstan rose to power after him and united the small kingdoms in England in 927 and was known as the first King of England. By the 1060s England was a powerful country with good military and a good economy. Although in 1066 the Norman invasion of England led to the defeat and replacement of the Anglo-Saxons. The aftermath of the Norman invasion had led to the replacement of Anglo-Saxons and French nobles with their supporters.

A New England

William the Conqueror took over England, and was crowned King on Christmas day 1066. King William and his other political leaders began to eradicate slavery by creating a more widespread work force called serfs, which were very much like slaves but treated more fairly. Anglo-Normans have caused multiple civil wars, the loss of Normandy,and in the 14 century England was facing other problems such as the great famine,the black death, and various catastrophic events that is throwing the economy into chaos all while undermining old political order.

Important People

Alfred the Great


William the Conqueror

The Black Death In England

The Black Death epidemic reached England in 1348. This plague killed half the population of England. There was much shortage of labor which caused higher wages and led to the Peasant Revolt in 1381.

Critical Thinking Questions

1. Why did the Vikings attack England in the early middle ages?

The Vikings attacked England because they wanted to seek treasures, more land, and better soil for farming.

2. How did the Anglo-Saxon people be replaced by Norman and French nobles, and what did they change?

The Norman invasion of England led by William the Conqueror in 1066 led to the downfall of the Anglo-Saxon people. William the Conqueror and his other political leaders banished

slavery from England, but created other labourers called serfs. They also increased trade with other kingdoms.