Cambodian Civil War
By: Hannah Cavanaugh
Khmer Rouge Takeover
This map shows where the Khmer Rouge gained control in the beginning years.
This maps clearly shows what ethic groups were involved in Cambodia at that time. As you can see, Khmer Rouge has taken over the majority of the country.
ISSUES-Difference between the Cambodian Civil war and the American Civil War
2) Another difference is that in the Cambodian War, it was between the Khmer Rouge, a communist group, and the government. The American War was between the Confederates and the Union.
3) In Cambodia, there was 175,000 deaths in the war alone (not including the genocide), when in America, there were 620,000 deaths in the war.
MOST IMPORTANT PRECURSOR EVENTS
1941- Prince Sihanouk becomes king. Cambodia is occupied by Japan for World War II
1953- Cambodia wins independence from France, King Sihanouk was ruling at the time. Cambodia becomes King Cambodia
1965- Sihanouk stops communicating with the US and allows a small group in North
Vietnam to prepare for a plan or to take action against the US government in South Vietnam
1969- The US starts a surprise bombing campaign against North Vietnamese forces in Cambodia.
1970- Lon Nol overpowers Sihanouk in takeover, proclaims the Khmer Republic and sends an army to fight the North Vietnamese in Cambodia. Sihanouk forms a small group movement, Cambodian army loses territory from North Vietnamese and Khmer Rouge small groups.
Pol Pot was the dictator that led Cambodia from 1975-1979. Under his control, all rights of the people in Cambodia were taken away, and millions died. He would end up becoming one of the most powerful dictators in the world.
He was the general who overthrew Prince Sihanouk. He ended up leading the government in Cambodia from 1970-1975. In 1971 and during his reign as the leader of Cambodia, he had a stroke and couldn’t perform a lot of duties. He died in 1985.
He was the king of Cambodia. In 1970 Sihanouk was exiled by Lon Nol, and when he was allowed to come back to Cambodia in 1975, he had no real political power. When Vietnamese invaded Cambodia in 1978, Sihanouk left to go to China. After all of the commotion was over, he was pronounced king again.
Resources- How They Influenced This War
Religion During War
During this time in war, the Khmer Rouge and the Buddhists were budding heads a lot. This graph shows how many Buddhists were living in the country at that time.
Khmer was and still is a huge part of the Cambodian population. Imagine how difficult it was for the government to gain control of the Khmer Rouge once Pol Pot entered the war with his followers.
This graph shows the deaths per year in Cambodia. It is clear that the deaths between 1975-1980 are much higher than any other year. The increase in deaths happen at the time of war.