The Taiga Biome

By: Evie Wood and Brent Beard

The Boreal Forest

The boreal forest, also known as the Taiga, is the world's largest land-based biome. The Taiga stretches across Europe, Canada and Asia. The Taiga makes up 29% of the world's forest cover.The coldest temperature ever recorded in the Taiga is -65ºF. The boreal forest stores more carbon than any other terrestrial ecosystem on Earth.

The Climate Conditions

The Taiga biome is known for having harsh climate conditions. Winter in the Taiga are long and cold. This is due to the chilly winds blowing from the Arctic. The summers are short and wet. The average temperature in the summer is in the 70s. The warm temperatures causes the ice the melt which creates lakes.

Soil Conditions

The soil in the Taiga is thin and nutrient poor. The soil beneath the Taiga often contains a layer of permafrost which is a permanently frozen soil. In other areas of the Taiga, a layer of bedrock lies beneath the soil. The permafrost and rock prevent the water draining from the top layers of soil which creates bogs. The soil is also very acidic because of the needles shedding from the coniferous trees.