Louis Pasteur

created by Caren Garcia

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  • Born Dec 27, 1822 Dole, France
  • "Founder of Modern Microbiology" Louis Pasteur is named the Founder of Microbiology because he was the first to prove and show how microorganisms work and their affect of people
  • Died September 28, 1895, Marnes- la- Coquette, France

Importance in Microbiology

Pasteur was the pioneer for microbiology, he discovered and proved many theory's that were new to the scientific community, such as:

  • showing that microbes are related/ cause infectious diseases
  • Developed the Germ Theory & proved it
  • Developed vaccines for Anthrax and rabies- some of the first vaccines ever
  • Left an understanding of how microorganisms do the process of fermentation
  • Developed the concept of destroying microorganisms to halt the transmission of communicable disease- led to his vaccines

Pasteur's field of study

  • Pasteur directed his doctorate to crystallography- at this point crystallography was an obscure science not much was done to understand or develop this field
  • Then continued to study other other sciences- chemistry & microbiology

Where did he study?

  • Studied in the college of Arbois and at Besançon, he graduated in 1840.
These were the grade schools he attended.
  • Then École Normale Supérieure of Paris was where he went to college- is/was a very prestigious school

How long did he study?

  • He finished all of grade school
  • Spent 4+ (no exact years were given) years as a student at the Ecole Normal
  • Continued studying while he was a professor

Other scientist influenced by Pasteur?

  • His work influenced other young scientists such as Robert Koch, Emile Roux, and Charles Chamberland
  • Most advances within microbiology have been influenced by Pasteur's work

Other information

  • Had lots of support from the leaders of the Hygienist movement- proved all of their claims
  • Was a student while also being a professor
  • His work helped save the French beverage industry- beer, wine, etc were constantly spoiled before they could be sold/ exported because of microorganisms
  • Found a way to pasteurize milk- his work greatly helped agriculture and the quality of life during this time


"Louis Pasteur." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography in Context. Web. 11 Jan. 2016.

"Louis Pasteur." World of Health. Gale, 2007. Biography in Context. Web. 11 Jan. 2016.

"Louis Pasteur." World of Microbiology and Immunology. Ed. Brenda Wilmoth Lerner and K. Lee Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. Biography in Context. Web. 11 Jan. 2016.