Ulysses S. Grant

1822-1885

Early Civil War

  • Grant was appointed to command the unruly 21st regiment of Illinois. However he used lessons that he learned from his commanders during the Mexican-American War to make sure his regiment was battle ready by September.
  • In April 1862, Grant moved his forces into enemy territory, in what would later become the Battle of Shiloh, and is attacked by Confederate forces. However, he is able to get reinforcements and win the battle
  • After the Battle of Shiloh, Grant is heavily criticized for the high casualties and is temporarily demoted. He was later reinstated after an investigation by the Department of War

Late Civil War

  • On July 4th, 1863, Grant took the town of Vicksburg, marking a huge win for the Union. However, after the battle, rumors of Grant's heavy drinking were spread, as many confused his stress migraines with hangovers.
  • In 1864, Grant took command of the Union Army and from March 1864 to April 1865 he hunted Confederate General Robert E. Lee through the Virginia forest, inflicting heavy casualties to Lee's army. On April 9th, 1865, Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, ending the war.

By: Tyson Child