How cotton changed the world
The Cotton Gin
1) "For a century and a half cotton farming dominated the southern United States. Indeed the invention of the cotton gin [in 1793] followed by only four years the establishment of the government. . . . The cotton gin was such a simple machine that it was endlessly replicated in each settlement as cotton marched west from county to county." Pete Daniel, (1985).
2) "The Old South, specifically, had to compete in economic development with the exploding capitalist power of the North, but its basic institution, slavery, rendered futile its attempts to fight the advance of soil exhaustion and economic decline." Eugene Genovese, (1989).