Arthropod: Sicarius

This flyer gives you information about the Sicarius

Scientific Name: Cato Sicarius

Body Shape and Description

Sicarius is found in the South part of Africa it lives and caves and lays its egg in the sand.

It is a medium sized spider with a body measuring 8 to 15 mm and legs spanning up to 50 mm.It is a member of the Siicaridae family,and its near cousins the recluses. Due to its flattened stance and laterigrade legs, it is also sometimes known as the six-eyed crab spider. Bites by Sicarius to humans are uncommon; there are no proven cases and only two suspected cases where the culprit was never identified. Sicarius bites have been experimentally shown as lethal to rabbits within 5 to 12 hours.[1]:p.25 The genus name Sicarius is Latin for 'murderer', from sica, a curved dagger. The species was named after Carl Willheilm Hann

Feeding Habits

The spiders of this genus (along with the recluse spiders) have potent tissue-destroying venom's containing the dermonecrotic agent, sphingomyelinase D, which is otherwise found only in a few pathogenic bacteria. This venom is highly necrotic in effect, capable of causing lesions (open sores) as large as 2.5 cm in diameter. The genus Sicarius may have more toxic venom than Loxosceles (particularly the African species), based on laboratory experiments with rabbits.A six eyed sand spider eats scorpions and other small animals

Life Cycle

It starts with a sac and then starts to mature eating bugs and mice then when it becomes an adult it starts to eat medium sized snakes and large rats.