Tools and Techniques for Mining
Panning for Gold
Panning for gold is an easy technique to use and most people/miners use it. In a plate shape container, grab gravel, soil or sand and put it in. Pour an appropriate amount of water into the container, so as you are swirling it around, all the lighter rocks/sands will rise to the top, and all the gold or heavy gravel will stay at the base of the bowl. Gradually drain out the water and you will see the gold or heavy rocks that has been left.
Cradling for gold
A cradle is a tool the miners would mostly use. It has a rectangle shape at the bottom in a diagonal angle. In a square shape, there is a strainer that will make the gravel, soil or sand through as you pour water into it, as you rock it back and fourth. The ridges at the bottom, will stop the gold or large gravel from coming through the water, but will keep the lighter rocks flowing with the water as it passes through.