Kingdom of Ghana
Africa in the Middle Ages
Trade was the main economic activity in Ghana at the time. Ghana was abundant in iron ore, which their blacksmiths used to make tools and weapons that were traded with Arab traders for other goods. Gold was another abundant metal that was found in Ghana. The heartland of the kingdom was located near one of the richest gold-producing areas in Africa. This product made Ghana the center of an enormous trading empire. Ghana traded with Muslim merchants, who made Ghana's traders very wealthy. From Arab traders, Ghana obtained salt, metal goods, textiles, and horses. As mentioned above, salt was the most important because the people of Ghana had a salt deficiency. From trading with the Arabs, Ghana became immensely rich. Because of this the kings of Ghana were viewed as one of the highest powers in the world.
The Ashanti also had a very wealthy culture due to trade with Arab merchants. The rulers of Ghana were adorned in gold crowns and jewelry and wore fine, printed robes.
- Sun: Sahara Desert
- Tree with rain cloud: Tropical Rain Forests
- Dollar Sign: Gold
- Wrench: Iron Ore