By: Anthony Langel

Symptoms in early stages

Symptoms in the early stages of Hantavirus include, fever and chills, head and muscle aches, throwing up, hard to breath, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Most people mix these early symptoms up with the flu.

Symptoms in later stages

The symptoms in the later stages of Hantavirus include, a cough that produces secretions, difficulty breathing because of fluid build up in lungs, low blood pressure, and reduced heart efficiency. Most of these symptoms can be very dangerous and in the end, very deadly.

Effected Organs

Hantavirus may cause damage like, organ failure, as body temperature lowers (mainly the heart), Fluid begins to build up in the lungs making it hard to breath, and the heart's efficiency is reduced.


Hantavirus can quickly become life-threatening. The lungs fill up with fluid, making it hard to breath. The organs begin to fail as body temperature lowers. As one person who had HPS said, "It was like somebody had a tight band around my chest and a pillow over my face," That's how difficult it can be to breath.


How to help prevent Hantavirus, keep rodents away from your home/work space, seal holes in your house, clean dishes, counters, and floors, store food in rodent-proof containers, and clear brush, grass, and junk away from your buildings foundation.


Known ways to treat Hantavirus, they put you in an intensive care unit, and they assist your breathing, but there is still no real effective treatments for the deadly disease. If you are brought in soon enough and you are put in intensive care you may do better.

Risk Factors

Risk Factors of the HantaVirus include cleaning buildings that haven't been used in a while, housecleaning(usually in low traffic areas such as attics), having a home/work space infected with rodents, a job that includes exposure to rodents, and camping, hiking, or hunting.


Hantavirus is caused by deer mice, white-tailed mice, rice rats, and cotton rats. Its an aerosolized virus meaning you can get the disease from rats or mice's droppings, urine, or shedding by breathing it in. You can also get the disease if the carrier bites you but this is rare. If you touch something that has been contaminated with Hantavirus then you touch your nose or mouth. You might be able to get Hantavirus if you eat food contaminated by an infected rodent, but this is just suspected, they don't know for sure.


The locations you can find HantaVirus include, Brazil, U.S.A, Argentina, Canada, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, and Panama. Most of the Cases now a days have been small or isolated. Cases of HPS are isolated, mostly in rural areas where forests, fields, of farms hold fitting environment for mice and rats.


  • 1959- A 38 year old man gets HPS(HantaVirus Pulmonary Syndrome)
  • Early 1993- Mice and rat population explodes due to heavy snow fall
  • May 1993- In the Four Corners, a fit Navajo man dies after symptoms like a shortness of breath, his fiancee had died earlier of the same symptoms
  • Summer 1993- In the Four Corners, 5 men died as well from the same symptoms
  • June 1993- A Louisianan bridge inspector got HPS and had not been to the Four Corners
  • November 1993- HPS in the Four Corners was isolated
  • Late 1993- A Florida man gets HPS and had not been to the Four Corners
  • 1996- HPS in Argentina was announced, since then several more world wide cases have been reported.


The stats of Hantavirus include, 1700 mice where caught to test for the virus, most cases where in 1959-1993, and 1959 is the first confirmed case of the disease. There have been 637 cases of Hantavirus just in the United States, 36% of all of these cases resulted in death. In 1993 there where 48 cases, in 2013 there where 21 cases(just in the United States), so the disease is slowly being destroyed.

How to clean up dead mice or rats in traps or nests

The best way to clean up dead mice or rats in traps or nests is to wear rubber or plastic gloves, spray urine, droppings, mice, rats, or nest with disinfectant and get it very wet, let it soak for five minutes. If you plan to reuse traps, empty them out and spray them with disinfectant. Place rats or mice in a plastic bag, seal that plastic bag, put that bag in another plastic bag, and seal that bag. Throw bags in trash or contact your state health department. Wash gloves with disinfectant before taking them off, and wash your hands with warm water and soap.

How to clean up after rats or mice

The best way to clean up after rats or mice is to wear rubber or plastic gloves, and spray urine and droppings with disinfectant. Get the droppings or urine very wet with disinfectant and let it soak for five minutes. Use paper towels to wipe up urine or droppings, and throw paper towel away. Mop or sponge the area where the droppings or urine was with disinfectant. Wash gloves with disinfectant before taking them off, and then wash you hands with warm, soapy water.

How to clean up cabins, sheds, barns, etc

The best way to clean up cabins, sheds, barns, etc. is to open all of the doors and windows for 30 minutes before going inside. Wear rubber or plastic gloves. Clean up all rats, mice, urine, droppings, and nests with disinfectant, and mop floors with disinfectant. Clean up counter tops, cabinets, etc. with disinfectant, and steam clean furniture with disinfectant. Wash all bedding or clothing with laundry detergent and hot water.


Works Cited

Areas effected by hantavirus. Digital image. Mother Jones. Mother Jones. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Casil, Amy Sterling. Hantavirus. New York, NY: Rosen Pub. Group, 2005. Print.

"HantaVirus." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 20 Feb. 2014. Web. 05 Dec. 2014.

"Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, 2 Jan. 2014. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.

"Hantavirus." Teen Health and Wellness. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2014. Web. 4 Dec. 2014