Juan De Herrera

Architect

Biography

Lifespan

Born: 1530 in Mobellan, Spain


Died: January 15, 1597 in Madrid, Spain

Nationality: Spanish

Where?

He travelled a lot during his life but spent most of it in Spain.

Education and Training

He studied in the University of Valladolid, and started his training with the works in the Royal Palace of Aranjuez. He also studied in Brussels. After his training, he got a promotion to work for Juan Bautista de Toledo.

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Herrera's Lifestyle

After studying and training at the University of Valladolid, Herrera, he strtaed working as an architect/assignment to King Phillip II and Juan Bautista de Toledo. In the later years of his life he decided to direct the Academy of Mathematics in Madrid.


Architecture

He made architecture such as Royal Palace of Aranjuez, The Church of El Escorial, and the Valladolid Cathedral.

Patrons

The king of Spain was Herrera's patron. Herrera had was great friends with the king, and was given great responsibilities from the king. The king supported Herrera, funded his projects, and trusted him.

Classism and Idealism

Classism because he used the older style of columns and pillars. He also included an arch in some of his projects, which were previously developed by the Romans. Idealism because he used geometry and mathematics to design his architecture.

The Work

Significance

This piece was significant because it was intended to be both a royal palace and a monastery for the Hieronymite Order of monks. It also included a great amount of religious art.


Description

It is a palace that was constructed to be used by the monks. The building itself is a light copper color, and the roof of it is black. It also consists of columns and pillars in the front of the building.

Classicism

It supports classicism because the building has dome-like structures. It also contains a symmetrical structure and has unified designs in its architecture. It also resembles elegance because it looks like a classic palace.

Why is it interesting?

I like it because it has a simple designs, yet it also has complex factors in it. I like how the outside of the structure has a base and has surrounding walls. I also think the idea of the domes and arches makes it look really grand and important.

Works Cited

“El Escorial” Google Image Search. 1 December 2015.

"Juan de Herrera." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography in

Context. Web. 1 Dec. 2015.

"Juan de Herrera." Gale Biography in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Biography in Context. Web.

1 Dec. 2015.

"Juan de Herrera." International Dictionary of Architects and Architecture. Gale,

1993. Biography in Context. Web. 1 Dec. 2015.

“Royal Palace of Aranjuez” Google Image Search. 1 December 2015.

“Vallaldolid Cathedral” Google Image Search. 1 December 2015.