THE DATA PROTECTION ACT OF 1998
Why was the data protection act needed?
During the second half of the 20th century, businesses, organisations and the government began to use computers to store information about their customers, clients and staff in databases.
For example:names, addresses, contact information, employment history, medical conditions, convictions and credit history
The databases are easily accessed and changed. It’s also far easier to cross reference information stored in two or more databases than if the records were paper-based. Networked databases allowed organisation-wide access to the databases and offered an easy way to share information with other organisations.