Spain (Spanish)

By Zeal Pathak

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Push Factors

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Why Spanish Left their Home Country (Push factors)

- Carlist civil war in Spain(1850-1860) major wave

- rural poverty, urban congestion(20th century) major wave

-poor economic conditions in Spain, loss of colonies in Spanish American war

-1936 Spanish dictator Francisco Franco and Fascism, many Spanish refugees fled 2 decades of poverty(major wave) 95,000 Immigrants total

Pull Factors

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-Many Spaniards came to New York (early on), Florida,Illinois and California also

Why Spanish came to Texas and the U.S (Pull Factors)

-gold, god glory (1600's colonization era)

-escape from carlist, safety in America

-religious freedom(non Catholics)

-1960 major wave economic stability employment opportunities, crowded in Spain poverty

-cheaper land

-quota system limits immigrants to 912 a year in 1921

Major Foods of Spain

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Croquettes

-food roll

-main ingredients- mashed potatoes, ground meat, fish, cheese, vegetables...

-outside is made up of fried bread crumbs

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Spanish Tapas

-Variety of Spanish appetizers

-cold(mrixed olives, cheeses...)

-hot(chipotos, melted queso...)

-encourage conversation, not designed to eat whole thing

-Spanish Diners people move around while eating tapas

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Spanish flan

-opened top pastry

-Sponge cake/custard

-sweet filling

-coated with syrup

Important People

Cultural highlights

Influence

The cultural influence of Spain

-Spanish is a second language for millions of Texans, and a first for many

-our law system derives from the Spanish form of law for

  • Judicial procedures
  • Land law
  • Water law
  • The law of family relations
-Many Spanish resturaunts

-fiestas celebrated in Texas today

-bought horses, cows, sheep, donkeys, and chickens

-building permanent/lumber structures

-rodeo

-architecture (Alamo based off Spanish missions)

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My Thoughts on Immigration

Is Texas better off due to immigration?

-contribute to economy, more laborers, fills holes

-exposure to all cultures(food, clothing, holidays...)

-diversity, at West we have a variety of cultures, helps in making us open minded

Bibliography

SPAIN. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 1 Feb 2016.
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Modern restaurant interior. Cinc Sentits Restaurant. Barcelona. Spain. Photo. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 1 Feb 2016.
http://quest.eb.com/search/164_3218336/1/164_3218336/cite


Flag of Spain. Illustration. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 29 Jan 2016.
http://quest.eb.com/search/309_366674/1/309_366674/cite


Political map of Texas. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 31 Jan 2016.


Portrait of Francisco Franco, Spanish dictator. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 2 Feb 2016.

http://quest.eb.com/search/300_210102/1/300_210102/cite


Spanish Cuisine Croquetas de jam¢n Ham croquettes. Photo. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 31 Jan 2016.

http://quest.eb.com/search/164_3258088/1/164_3258088/cite


Spanish Tapas Selection - Non Exclusive. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 31 Jan 2016.

http://quest.eb.com/search/156_2404296/1/156_2404296/cite


Home-made caramel cream. Photo. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 31 Jan 2016.

http://quest.eb.com/search/164_3233597/1/164_3233597/cite


El Bolero, Liebig Card,Col.Litho, 1900. Photo. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 31 Jan 2016.

http://quest.eb.com/search/109_234998/1/109_234998/cite


bullfight. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 31 Jan 2016.


http://quest.eb.com/search/139_1969297/1/139_1969297/cite


Flamenco dancers. Castile. Spain. Photo. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 31 Jan 2016.



http://quest.eb.com/search/164_3251227/1/164_3251227/cite


CABEZA DE VACA (1490-1557). - Spanish explorer, ?lvar N??ez Cabeza de Vaca, on a Spanish postage stamp, 1960.. Fine Art. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 1 Feb 2016.

http://quest.eb.com/search/140_1656555/1/140_1656555/cite


Albuquerque Balloon Fiesta. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 1 Feb 2016.

http://quest.eb.com/search/139_1926887/1/139_1926887/cite


"Spanish Americans." Spanish Americans. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Feb. 2016. <http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Pa-Sp/Spanish-Americans.html>.


"The Spanish Wave: America's Forgotten Immigrants." The Spanish Wave: America's Forgotten Immigrants. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2016. <http://www.nyu.edu/about/news-publications/nyu-stories/james-fernandez-on-the-spaniards-in-the-us.html>.


"SPANISH TEXAS." CHIPMAN, DONALD E. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2016. <http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/nps01>.