Mount Rushmore

By: Darya Davanloo

History

The History Behind it


Historian Doane Robinson conceived the idea for Mount Rushmore in 1923 to promote tourism in South Dakota. In 1924, Robinson persuaded sculptor Gutzon Borglum to travel to the Black Hills region to ensure the carving could be accomplished.


The History of Carving

The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitter cold and windy. The work was exciting, but dangerous. 90% of the mountain was carved using dynamite . The powder-men would cut and set charges of dynamite of specific sizes to remove precise amounts of rock. Before the dynamite charges could be set off, the workers would have to be cleared from the mountain.

Climate

Warm days and cool nights are common in the summer and in the winter the weather can go below zero. The geographic forces of heat, pressure, deposition, and erosion have combined with millions of years of time to create the spectacular setting for the carving of Mount Rushmore. The rocks which form and surround the memorial are part of the “crystalline core” of the Black Hills, the oldest rocks in South Dakota and among the oldest in the western United States.

Activities and Events

The schedule for Independence Day includes the Presidential Reanactors during the day and a traditional Evening Lighting Ceremony.

Fun Facts

  • Over 400 workers helped to sculpt Mount Rushmore climbing
  • The whole project cost US $989,992.32
  • Carving of Mount Rushmore started on October 4, 1927, and finished 14 years later on October 31, 1941
  • Located in the Black Hills

Association with Native Americans

The Black Hills are sacred to the Lakota Sioux. For some, the four presidents carved in the hill are not without negative symbolism.

Bibliography

"Mount Rushmore." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.


United States. National Park Service. "Carving History." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 19 Apr. 2015. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.


United States. National Park Service. "Geologic Activity." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 23 Apr. 2015. Web. 23 Apr. 2015.


"Mount Rushmore National Memorial - Climate." Mount Rushmore National Memorial. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.


United States. National Park Service. "Independence Day Events." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 19 Apr. 2015. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.


"Fun Mount Rushmore Facts for Kids - Interesting Trivia & Information." Fun Mount Rushmore Facts for Kids - Interesting Trivia & Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.


"American Experience: TV's Most-watched History Series." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.