Chinese Civil War

Causes, Practices, Effects of Civil War

By: Maximo Hernandez

The Rise Of A Communist Party

During the 20th century of China, China has been ruled by dynasties for thousands of years. There were many civil wars that affected peasants and caused many people to suffer. Also, China was in a crisis of overpopulation and many people were starving. Mao Zedong (born December 26, 1893 - September 09, 1976) was a son of a peasant and he did not lack food or clothing; he began to work at the age of five and attended school at age seven. He understood the hardship of people and their needs. As he grew up, he led a revolution to restore power to China and the peasants.

Mao made a revolution in 1921 and wanted to make China a communist country. He created a Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and wanted to change China, he wanted to make China a place were peasants had power again.

According to ic.galegroup it says, "In 1920, Communism was introduced into China and soon came into conflict with the ruling Nationalist Party, or Kuomintang."(Galegroup). China had been introduced to communism and this soon began to have a conflict with the ruling of the Nationalist party. In the beginning, they wanted to maintain a peaceful manner. Jiang Jieshi, the leader of National Revolution Army, believed that the communist party was going to be a threat to the nationalist group.

Mao and Jiang both met and had many dinners with the media present. According to an article that R. Cairns published on Alpha History, it states, "At another dinner Mao even exclaimed “Long live President Jiang Jieshi!”” (Cairns). They talked on peaceful terms in front of many people. But during the talk of peaceful terms they were both gathering their army and regrouping getting ready to fight.

When war broke out, many people suffered and died. The war had caused catastrophes and made worsen the economy. When the civilians saw how China was becoming, they wanted a new China and fought for a communist party. The Nationalist lost the war and the communist won. The Nationalist left to Taiwan.

The War

Not too long after "the peaceful talks" by 1927 a war had broken out, the Communist versus the Nationalist. This war caused many people to get hurt and caused millions of casualties according to R. Cairns's article. During the years of civil war more and more people wanted a new China. The economy collapsed and the government deficit went skyrocketing. According to ic.galegroup, China was involved in a total civil war. " By July 1946, the whole of China was engaged in total civil war." (ic.galegroup).

By October of 1949, the Nationalist had left China in defeat and headed towards Taiwan. The war had left many people dead and many casualties, But Jiang didn't leave so easily, he took many valuable things along with him and some faithful soldiers to Taiwan. He ruled until his death in April 1975. Even today, there's no peace treaty that has been signed by the Communist and Nationalist party.

Would have China been better if Mao never took control?

Many people may say yes or no to this question. Some might say yes because they were living under dynasties and soon it would have converted to communism. Others may say that China would not have been better because China would have been over populated and many people would have died. Would China have been better if Mao never took control is a question for an individual and what he or she thinks. I personally think China would NOT have been better if Mao never took control.

Because of Mao's ruling over China, China has increased in many ways from the economy to structures. Mao saved many lives because when Mao was a child, many poor Chinese peasants died from many causes. Lack of shelter, lack of food, lack of clothes and lack of money.China was in a bad condition before and since Mao took over, the population is being controlled and the death rate is lower than when the dynasties were in control. Mao can be called a hero but at the same time he controlled the people. At the same time, Mao saved China from falling apart and boosted China. Even now, China has grown by an enormous amount and is a big country.

Annotated Bibliography

"Rise of Communist China." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History: War. Detroit: Gale, 2009. Research in Context. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.

This article talks about the beginning of the communist and how it started to form. Mao Zedong leader of the Chinese Communist Party also known as the CCP; Mao wanted to restore power to the poor peasant after dealing many deaths because of the dynasties that ruled China. During the time, there were civil wars because of foreigners entering China. Then the Nationalist were in control of China and seen the CCP as a threat. Jiang, the leader of the Nationalist group, decided to talk with Mao in peaceful terms. during the talk both groups started to regroup their army and then The Chinese Civil war happened. The communist group became victorious and the Nationalist group moved to Taiwan were Jiang ruled until his death.

"Mao Zedong." UXL Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2003. Student Resources in Context. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.

Mao Zedong, son of a poor peasant, grew up poor. He didn't lack a lot as others, but he knew that many people were suffering. He started to work at 5 and then attended school at 7. When he grew up he made a Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and lead a revolution towards the Nationalist. Many dinners passed with Jiang, leader of the Nationalist, and Mao. But soon both groups started a war causing many deaths and ending with the CCP winning and the Nationalist group moving to Taiwan.

R. Cairns, “The Chinese Civil War”, Alpha History, accessed 2015. Mon. 21.Sep 2015, This website uses pinyin romanizations of Chinese words and names.

The Chinese Civil war started back in the 20th century and the reason was for many reasons. Power, Overpopulation, deaths and many more can be said. Mao exclaimed at a dinner, "Long live president Jiang Jieshi." Both groups started to have conflicts with each other. Then a civil war broke out and Jiang lost but took valuables with him to Taiwan.

Jiang Jieshi. Digital image. Alpha History. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2015. <>. Jiang Jieshi, leader of the National Revolutionary Army.

Jiang Jieshi, head of the Nationalist group, set his mind on a military career and enrolled in a military school. He went to Japan for more training and returned to China and participated in the Xinhai Revolution. In the 1930's, Jiang's government was challenged by the Japanese aggression but he believed that the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) was a greater threat to him. The outbreak of a civil war happened and Jiang lost. He moved to Taiwan and ruled till his death.


Work Reference

"China." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <>.

Picture Sources (Credits)

Starving peasants

Chinese Starving Peasants. Digital image. Alpha History. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2015. <>. Chinese starving peasants during the civil war

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 Sep. 2015. <>.

Mao and Jiang

Sullivan, Balm, Kivlehan, Jennifer, Julia, Christina. Mapping Out The World. Digital image. Mapping Out The World. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2015. <>. Mao and Jiang