Frontal Lobe Damage

Causes and treatment

Madison Gilliam

Bio-chemical/ Neurological Psychology

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The frontal lobe is located in the frontal and upper area of the cortex. The frontal lobe is highly important for movement and high-level cognition. It is crucial for motor control as well (Breedlove & Watson, 2013). This lobe is responsible for the higher mental processes such as thinking, decision making, and planning. It is used everyday. The frontal lobe is also where personality is formed as well as the ability to speak fluently and meaningfully (Kolich, 2013).

Damage Occurence

A teenage boy was riding in the car with his mother when a semi crashed into their car. The boy's head smashed into the windshield. The hard impact of his head to the glass along with the quick stop, caused his brain to continue moving and striking the interior of his skull causing traumatic brain injury, or TBI (Trudel, Scherer, & Elias, 2011).

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Behavioral Problems of TBI

Due to the traumatic brain injury, the boy's behaviors and actions have begun to change. He is no longer motivated to do well in school or participate in any activities. He becomes very easily angered or frustrated and his behaviors have become aggressive towards his family and friends. He is having some difficulty sleeping and is showing signs of depression.


There is not a cure for traumatic brain injury, but the symptoms can be treated. Therapy and medication can help to provide some symptom relief for him (Trudel, Scherer, & Elias, 2013). In order help with his depression and anger, talking through everything with a therapist and learning coping mechanisms can help to minimize these symptoms. Medication for depression may be administered, which can also help with his lack of motivation. Once these are minimized or diminished, his sleeping may begin to improve as well.


What are some common obstacles that occur from traumatic brain injury?

What causes the irritability and aggression?

What are the long term effects of TBI?

Is a full recovery possible?


Breedlove, S. M., & Watson, N. V. (2013). Biological psychology: An introduction to behavioral, cognitive, and clinical neuroscience. (7th ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates, Inc.

Kolich, H. N. (2013). Brain trust: a healthy brain is your greatest asset, but it's often taken for granted until it has problems. Heather N. Kolich shares what she learned after experiencing traumatic brain injury and breaks down how the brain works, what can go wrong, and how you can keep yours healthy. Vibrant Life, 29(4), 20+. Retrieved from

Trudel, T. M., Scherer, M. J., & Elias, E. (2011). Understanding traumatic brain injury: an introduction. The Exceptional Parent, 41(7), 33+. Retrieved from