Why Should You Move to the West?

By: Kelsea Wade, Lindsay Klasek and Carly Henzler

Manifest Destiny & Peoples Attitudes

Manifest Destiny was prevalent during the 19th century of American expansion that the United States stretched from coast to coast. This event helped start western settlement, Native American removal, and war with México. In 1845, the United States annexed Texas and the following year reached a settlement with Great Britain for control of the Pacific Northwest. Mexico's opposition to the annexation of Texas led to the Mexican War (1846–1848), which resulted in the U.S. acquisition of California and the American Southwest through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. This expansion would involve not merely territorial aggrandizement but the progress of liberty and individual economic opportunity. Indians hated Manifest Destiny because Americans made them leave their tribes and homes. Some champions favored Manifest Destiny and others did not due to conflict over slavery, many Americans rejected Manifest Destiny. Slavery was not fully resolved until the Civil War. So, Manifest Destiny was proved to be a mixed blessing for U.S. society and culture. Later on, it divided the North and South and became a leading factor to Civil War.

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Indian Removal Policy

The Indian Removal Act was a law passed on May 28th, 1830 by the president at the time, Andrew Jackson. As America grew bigger and bigger, the colonists began to feel as if God was telling them to expand to the west. The only problem was the Native American tribes in the way. This law that was passed allowed the government to use force to remove any native american tribes from the east to the west of the Mississippi River. In 1828, gold was discovered in Georgia which prompted the law to be passed that way the Americans could have all of it to themselves, without competition. There were over 60 treaties signed in total and approximately 60,000 indians were relocated to their new territory. The five main tribes that Jackson wanted relocated were the Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw and the Chickasaw native americans. The Cherokee Indians were very tough when it came to not leaving their land. In 1838, the Treaty of New Echota was signed and the Cherokee's started their journey to Oklahoma, also known as the Trail of Tears. By the 1840's, there were no tribes left in the southeastern part of the United States, which is how Mr. Jackson wanted it to be. Surprisingly, this law made Andrew Jackson very famous among the americans and he was reelected into presidency in 1832.

Klondike Gold Rush

The Klondike Gold Rush was an event that started in 1896 and ended in 1899. Gold was discovered along the Klondike River in 1896 but due to the harsh climate conditions the word of gold could not travel fast. It actually took gold rushers a year to even reach the Klondike. In the summer of 1898, gold rushers began to journey to the Klondike region by the thousands. Considering this journey was so difficult, only 30,000 of the 100,000 gold rushers actually made it all the way to the Klondike River. Many gave up their journey half way through and returned home. As for the 30,000 people that made it, approximately 4,000 actually found gold. The reasoning behind this is miners began to hire other miners to find the gold for them, so they didn't have to get any dirt on their hands but they still were able to collect some gold. Mining was extremely challenging due to pretty unpredictable distribution of gold and digging, so many people did not want to look for the gold themselves. Whenever all of the mining was taking place highly populated towns called boomtowns formed that were supported by the miners. This once under populated region, became home to thousands of people.

Citations

Manifest Destiny:


Haynes, Sam W. "Manifest Destiny." Americans at War. Ed. John P. Resch. Vol. 2: 1816-1900. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 111-112. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 6 Sept. 2015


Gateway to Manifest Destiny. Digital image. South Williamstown. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://southwilliamstown.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/samedgerton-1-300x233.jpg>.


Indian Removal Act:


"The Indian Removal Act of 1830 Timeline." Timetoast. Web. 6 Sept. 2015.

"Browse Whenintime Timelines." Browse Whenintime Timelines. Web. 6 Sept. 2015.


"Indian Removal Act of 1830 Copy Transcript Cherokee Indians." Indian Removal Act of 1830 Copy Transcript Cherokee Indians. Web. 6 Sept. 2015.


Klondike Gold Rush:


"Klondike Gold Rush." History Net Where History Comes Alive World US History Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2015.


"Bing." Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2015.