South

By. Tonya and Kristen

Origin of early settlers

The settlers in the South immigrated from:


  • France
  • England
  • Ireland
  • Scotland
  • Spain
  • Africa - brought into the U.S. to work as slaves on plantations and serve in mansions

States located in the South:

  • West Virginia
  • Kentucky
  • Virginia
  • Arkansas
  • Tennessee
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Georgia
  • Alabama
  • Mississippi
  • Louisiana
  • Flordia


Climate

The South's climate is mild all year around.


Economically Important Crops Produced

  • sugarcane
  • rice
  • peanuts


Staple Foods

  • corn
  • black-eyed peas
  • grits
  • nuts


Farmers also grow these on a smaller scale:

Fruits

Vegetables

  • corn
  • beans
  • sweet potatoes
  • variety of greens


They get important sources of food from water.

Rivers and streams:
  • catfish
  • bass
  • trout
  • turtle
  • crawfish

Gulf waters:

  • crabs
  • crayfish
  • oysters
  • shrimp
  • clams


They get important sources of food from forest.

Wild game:
  • squirrel
  • goose
  • turkey


Important livestock in the South:


  • pigs
  • chickens

They get spareribs, cured ham, fat back, chitterlings, and pigs' feet from these two animals.



Soul Food

Soul food is a district cuisine developed in the South.

It combines African, Native American, and European Sharecroppers' food customs.


Uses many vegetables in soul food, such as:

  • Corn
  • Squash
  • Black-eyed peas
  • Okra
  • Greens

- Spinach

- Kale

- Sorrel

- and many others

  • Yams

- dark orange tubers have moist flesh

- made into a pudding called Pone

- also made into sweet potato pie


Creole Cuisine

New Orleans is home to the Creole Cuisine.

Foods in the Creole Cuisine are:
  • Filé

- Flavoring and thickening agent from sassafras leaves.

  • Gumbo

- Soup that contains meats, poultry, seafood, okra, and other vegetables.

- From various cultures of Southern Louisiana.

  • Jambalaya

- Traditional Creole rice dish.

- Contains rice, seasonings, seafood, and different meats.

  • Pralines

- Sweet, rich candy

  • Beignets

- Deep-fried squares of bread dough. Served with powder sugar.

  • Café au lait

- Beverage made with chicory-flavored coffee and hot milk.

  • Café brulot

- Strong coffee flavored with spices, sugar, citrus peels and brandy.

  • Bouillabaisse

- A highly seasoned fish stew.

Cajun Cuisine

Cajun Cuisine is a hearty fare of rural Southern Louisiana.
  • Andouille

- smoked sausage


Traditional Cajun dishes

  • Chaydin

- braised pig stomach stuffed with vegetables.

  • Rice dressing
  • Tartes douces

- pies with soft, sweet crust


Common foods, spices, herbs

  • Brunswick stew
  • Spoon bread
  • Fried Chicken
  • Pecan Pie
  • Turnip
  • Turnip
  • Dandelion Greens
  • Sassafras leaves
  • Sugar
  • Hot peppers
  • Cornmeal
  • Hoppin' John


Cooking Styles

They use the following to cook their foods:



  • Stews/soup
  • Bread
  • Pies