Iconic People Of The Middle Ages

~William Conqueror, King John, Joan of Arc~

William Conqueror

Biographical Info: William, nicknamed William the Conqueror conquered England and the Anglo-Saxons. H was the Duke of Normandy. William lived in England and he ruled from 1066 to 1087.William was a strong leader and was very organized.Memorable Moments:William Conqueror, along with his Norman knights, defeated his enemy Harold during the Battle of Hastings. He became king by a heredity claim.Importance:William shaped the England feudal system so the king has the supreme power. He also created a survey that helped the king set up an accurate central tax system, which is known as the Doomsday book." The conqueror is regarded with awe; the wise man commands our respect; but it is only the benevolent man that wins our affection." ~William Wells Brown
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William Conqueror, ruled England from 1066 to 1087.

King John

Biographical Info : King John, nicknamed Lackland, was the king of England from 1167 to 1216. John was pampered, he had a coarse humor, he was disloyal, suspicious, lazy, and very unstable.
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King John signing the Magna Carta on June 15, 1215.
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KIng John, the King of England in 1167 to 1216.
Memorable Moments : King John was disliked by many. A group of nobles joined together in 1215, and went against him because he made them so mad. Nobles came to him and presented the Magna Carta document. John also tried to rebel against his older brother's administrators while he was participating in the Third Crusade. He enjoyed reading books, gambling, and listening to music." The picture of a monster, put forward by Roger of Wendover and Matthew Paris must be rejected forever. John had the administrative ability of a great ruler but, from the moment he began to rule, rivals and traitors tried to cheat him out of his inheritance. As he wrestled with one problem, more enemies sprang upon his back. " ~William Stubbs, written in 1873
Importance: King John signed the Magna Carta document, which prevented him from collecting taxes from nobles without their consent or taking their property without paying for it first.

Joan of Arc

Biographical Info: Joan of Arc, or Jeanne d' Arc, was born on May 30, 1412 and died in 1431. She was born in Domremy, France and later died in Rouen, France. She was an energetic and devout child and grew up to be a strong, religious person.
Memorable Moments: At the age of 13, she began hearing "voices" that guided her for the rest of her life. Joan of Arc was also known as the "Maid of Orleans" because at the age of 15, she lead the French soldiers to victory over the English during the Battle of Orleans. When she participated during the 100 Years War, she helped Charles VII become the king of France. She only lived to the age of 19 because she was burned at the stake. Her last word was the cry, "Jesus!".
Importance: She is a saint. God chose Joan of Arc to lead the French against the English in the Battle of Orleans.