The Age of Exploration

By Patrick C., Maddie M. and Grace P.

International News

Pope Alexander VI drew the Line of Demarcation in the New World to finally settle the feud between Spain and Portugal. Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain came before the Pope to resolve the tension and to set the boundary lines, and they created the Treaty of Tordesillas. The line included in this treaty fairly separated the New World with the Line of Demarcation. The line split the new world ‘evenly’ in half. Spain received all of the land to the West of the line, while portugal received all of the land to the East of the line. Both nations had the right to explore, colonize, and profit on that country’s land without dispute. Though both nations expected to profit from valuable metals, they only encountered much disease and discomfort. Spain only started to gain from exploiting the riches of the Aztecs; the native people of the land. Some of the explorers from the land claim that this decision is not fair merely because their view is that if they had found it, they should have the rights to that land. Other countries wished to defy what they saw as Spain and Portugal’s arrogance and start to build upon their own empires. Little did they know, was that Portugal actually acquired a significantly less amount of land due to the fact that at the time the Line of Demarcation was drawn, no scholar or explorer really knew how large the New World was.

Do you want spices? We know you do. Just think of how delicious your food will be with exotic spices including peppers and cinnamon all the way from the Spice Islands! Brave men are traveling over treacherous seas into unknown lands to bring fresh and wonderful foreign spices just for you! Get any of these great spices now at a discount at any trade market near you.

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Travel

We first learned about the newly acquired Philippines when Magellan was killed there while trying to circumnavigate the Earth, but the Chinese had long known about these islands. It is said that the Chinese found Ma’i and Luzon long before the Spaniards went to the islands, but there is no solid proof. The Philippines were quite barbaric before the Spaniards came, your place in society hierarchy depended on how much land you own or how many people you have beheaded. The people of the Philippines also had many religious beliefs including witches, elf like creatures, giants, babies that suck peoples blood and half-man, half-horse creatures. Besides the harsh ways of the people, the islands are quite exquisite. There are about 7,100 islands that make up the Philippines, all consisting of incredible wildlife and are surrounded by beautiful waters. Unfortunately, the incredible land is a very poor one now, being considered third world on multiple occasions, but before the Spaniards invaded, they were a well ran and doing well as a colony.

Interview With the Locals

Due to the world spice craze, Moluccas, or the Spice Islands, has been getting shopped by multiple different countries. We interviewed some locals to get their feelings on the craze. A mother of seven said, "I can't believe how many traders come here just for the spices, its incredible. My whole life we've had these spices, but when the others found out about it, trade for them sky-rocketed. People come from all over the world for them! I love letting my kids being exposed to the ways of the foreigners and experiencing their foods." A twenty seven year old man whose life is devoted to trade said, "The amount of business is amazing. Before the spices were popular, my wife and I worked two jobs each. Now, my family is living very comfortably just from my sales on spices!" After hearing from these people, you would think the islands are very happy with the amount of trade coming in, but not all the feelings are mutual. Another man who is retired from the trade industry said, "This land was supposed to be calm, the amount of people coming just for our spices is absurd. I resided here for peace, not foreigners interrupting our peaceful lives." As you can see,

Are you a navigator that constantly gets lost at sea? Do you find that old maps just don't get the job done anymore? You may need an astrolabe. An astrolabe is a scientific instrument that determines latitude based on the angle between the horizon and the North Star. You will be amazed at how life-saving this instrument will be!
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Business

Portugal has gained footholds on the coast of Africa with posts for trading muskets, tools, cloth for gold, a place to repair their ships, and slaves. Slavery has been around for a long time and has been seen in many cultures from the Romans, Egyptians, Indians, and even Aztecs. Slavery had become extremely marketable throughout the world in many regions, but the ones who benefited the most were the Portuguese and the powerful African Empires. In Africa, slaves were people of defeated territories who had lost their freedom, and were usually sold to European ‘explorers’. African slaves would be packed away in extremely close quarters to spend about 6 weeks journeying across the Atlantic Ocean. Once in the Americas or the Caribbean, slaves were forced to work on plantations, but if they were taken to Europe, they were most likely used as a house servant to carry out everyday errands. Overall, the marketing of slaves has had a great impact on both European, African, and American business and wealth, but a negative impact on African societies… some which were completely destroyed.

Are you craving adventure? Do you want to see the world while serving your country? If so, joining an exploration team may be right for you! Courageous men and skilled navigators are traveling overseas and working tirelessly to trade with and claim foreign lands. You could be one of these men. Great navigators like Ferdinand Magellan and Vasco da Gama may need crewmen! Go to Lisbon, Madrid, or any large city near you and you could be the next one on a ship.

Technology

In light of the recent discovery in the New World, cartographers (one who creates maps as a profession) have been working tirelessly to map the coast of Africa, along with the New World. None of this would be possible without the latest inventions for the time such as a better compass. A better compass had been created by the Chinese (who had been using the compass for years) using an iron needle magnetized by the mineral lodestone. These align with the cardinal directions of the Earth. The portolan map had also been created which, much like latitude and longitude, used lines based on compass points to navigate sailors way to wherever they need to go. With all this technology to navigate, better ships were being created that were prepared for long voyages across the ocean and back. To apply this knowledge, sailing schools were set up by Prince Henry to train crews to sail rough seas like going around the Cape of Good Hope to bring back goods from Asia.

Works Cited

Spices in a Bazaar. Digital image. Britannica. Britannica, Web. 14 Dec. 2015.

Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica. "Spice Trade." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, Web. 14 Dec. 2015.


Ferdinand Magellan's Ship Victoria. Digital image. Britannica. Britannica, Web. 10 Dec. 2015


Wallace, Vicki. Astrolabe on a ship. Digital image. National Park Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, Web. 15 Dec. 2015.


United States. National Park Service. "Navigation and Related Instruments in 16th-Century England." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 13 Dec. 2015. Web. 15 Dec. 2015.


Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica. "Astrolabe." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica 2015. Web. 15 Dec. 2015.


"European exploration". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 15 Dec. 2015


"Treaty of Tordesillas." Treaty of Tordesillas. Web. 17 Dec. 2015.


"Slavery in America." History.com. A&E Television Networks, Web. 17 Dec. 2015.


"The Philippines Before Magellan." Personally Yours Philippines. 22 June 2008. Web. 18 Dec. 2015.


Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor., and Anthony Esler. Prentice Hall World History: The Modern Era. Print.