Reform in Asia

Abigail Albright

Opium War

China wanted to stop the Opium trade, but the British didn't want any of that. They employed military force to pressure China back into going to the Opium Trade, which caused the start of what we call the Opium trade.

Although the costal Chinese had no chance against the British firearms, their defeat was to enough to push them back into the trade.

Treaty of Nanjing

The Treaty of Nanjing released Korea, Burma, and Vietnam from Chinese authority as well as forcing China to accept the end of the Opium war. It placed some territories in British control, and opened Chinese ports.

Reform with the Late Qing Rulers

Taiping reform was an attempt to qualm the discontent within the peasants, as even though the Qing had been ruling for a while, they were still viewed as foreigners.

One thing they changed is they abolished private property, and allowed for more common wealth. They also created free education, widespread literacy, and simplification of language. Social change also occurred, as they stopped promoting foot binding and overall had higher quality between men and women. Some rulers even went as far as to try to apply a more democratic government.

Decline of Tokugawa

Foreign lands (Including the British, French, and the U.S.) were pressuring Japan searching for economic relationships. Japan held to it's own against any European and Americans, except for carefully controlled trade with some dutch. They prepared an army against these foreigners in case of attacks. But America soon pressured a Shogun into signing a peace treaty, and other nations followed soon thereafter.

This caused inside problems in Japan, and eventually the shogun had to step down and a new young emperor took place, beginning the Meiji rule.

Meiji Restoration

During the Meiji Restoration, power returned back to the Emperor and away from smaller military governments. Instead of forcing away foreign powers, they were more welcoming ing, and wanted to study to become better and have revisions made on unequal treaties.


The Meiji first took down the Feudal system, which caused caused upset among the people who had power. But the government provided some compensation, and their newly built army could handle any rebellion. Then they revamped the tax system, installed a constitutional government, and added better transportation and education