Psychoactive Drugs

Jamie Dorotov

What is a psychoactive drug?

A psychoactive drug is a substance that alters perception, mood, thinking, memory, or behavior by changing the body's biochemistry

Different types of psychoactive drugs:


Stimulants are psychoactive drugs that induce temporary improvements in either mental or physical functions or both. Examples of these kinds of effects may include enhanced alertness, wakefulness, and locomotion.


A depressant is a drug that lowers neurotransmission levels, which is to depress or reduce arousal or stimulation, in various areas of the brain.


Opiates are drugs that relieve pain and commonly produce euphoria.

Psychedelic drugs

Psychedelic drugs are consciousness-altering drugs that produce hallucinations, change thought processes, or disrupt the normal perception of time and space.

Terms related to drugs:


Increased resistance to a drug's effects accompanying continued use


The action of taking away


State characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli, despite adverse consequences


The state of relying on or being controlled by something else

More facts:

1. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an estimated 20 million Americans aged 12 or older used an illegal drug in the past 30 days.

2. The estimated cost of drug abuse exceeds $190 Billion

3. Drugs hijack the normal function of the brain and change the way the brain responds to issues of self-control, judgment, emotion, motivation, memory and learning.