Colombia

By: Vincent

Physical Geography

Physical Features:

Andes Mountain Range, also lowlands occupy the area north of the Andes as far as the Caribbean Sea.

What they affect:

Their cities risk deluge from changes in Andes climate.

How the climate affects it:

It makes the cities at risk.

Government

Colombia is a republic with separation of powers into executive, judicial and legislative branches.

The government affects its people in a few ways, they are allow to vote like the U.S. but other than that everything is still kinda the same.

Population

Population: 49,525,401 people

Ethnic/Racial groups: Mestizo 58%, White 20%, Mulatto 14%, Black 4%, Mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%

Economy

Type of economy:

Colombia is an upper middle-income economy, and it's Latin America's fourth largest.

Major products:

Colombia's main exports are clothing, coal, nickel, gold, flowers, coffee, bananas, tropical fruits, textiles and petroleum. Petroleum making over 45% of Colombia's exports.

Contemporary Problems

Current Problems:

Soil erosion, deforestation, preservation of its wildlife, drug trafficking, and gangs.

Future Problems they may face:

FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) and population growth, are the two main ones.

Brief History

Colombia gained independence after a riot was started on July 20, 1810.


Time line:

1948: The assassination of the left-wing Mayor of Bogota, Jorge Eliecer Gaitan, leads to the Bogotazo, massive urban riots.

1964: FARC was founded.

1978: Campaign against drug traffickers by President Julio Cesar Turbay Ayala.

1990: Three presidential candidates are assassinated by narco-terrorists.