Impact of WW2 on Great Depression



World War ll ended the Great Depression.


Cause: The war did provide a unique demand for entirely new industries. While airplanes had only been incidentally important in World War I, it was believed that they would be decisive in the 1940s. U.S. military only had a few planes, and fewer resources to construct them with. The government couldn't simply go to the market and buy some planes; it had to create the market.

Characteristics: FDR had ordered 50,000 to be made for the war, by 1944 America was producing 96,000 planes a year. Metals became scarse, so plastic was made to take the place of metals. Many sacrifices were made by the people

Copper was taken out of pennies and replaced with steel; nickel was removed from nickels. War even affected fashions: To save material, men’s suits lost their pant cuffs and vests, and women painted their legs to take the place of nylons. The civilian workforce grew 20 % because of the war and America spent 350 billion dollars on the war.

Significance: The Depression was a good preparation for what was to come: Americans had learned to scrimp and preserve. The War boosted the economy for a while and got America out of the Great Depression.