Is Canada the Greatest Country?

Which one is the fairest of them all?

A Burning Question

There are many reasons why people would choose Canada as a country to live in. It has many available resources, a growing population, a variety of different regions, and many opportunities for people to develop. However, this leaves us with a difficult question; is Canada the greatest country to live in? In this Smore, we will go over current situations concerning Changing Populations, Physical Environments, Resources and Industries, and Livable Communities; and how they manage compared to other countries around the world. Using this data, we will be able to determine whether Canada is the greatest country to live in or if it needs to make some improvements.

Changing Populations

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Overview

Canada's population is one regarded for a myriad of reasons around the world, including its incredible multicultural diversity and large amount of immigrants. With a population of 35.16 million, Canada is one of the more populated countries in the world (38th place out of 200). Compared to other countries, Canada's population is one of the highest quality populations in the world.

Demography

Before we compare Canada's population features with other countries, let's first take a look at our demography. As of 2015:

  • Canada has a population of 35.16 million people.
  • A birth rate of 10.28 per 1000 people.
  • A death rate of 8.42 per 1000 people.
  • A natural increase rate of .186%
  • A population growth rate of 1.2%
  • Using the Rule of 70 (dividing 70 by the population growth rate), we can deduce that it would take about 58.3 years for our population to double
  • Has a dependency load of 47.3 % (how much of the population is not able to work for themselves).
  • And finally, an average life expectancy of 81.24 years.
This data indicates that Canada's population is growing, but at a slower rate. This is beneficial to Canada, as it means that it we can sustain ourselves without having large population fluctuations. Compared to developing countries such as India, Canada does not need to worry about fluctuating resources and space due to the relatively stable population growth rate. As a result of this stability, Canada is able to prepare for future generations much more effectively.
Moreover, the data displays that Canada possesses a high average life expectancy. This may be due to the increased standard of life and higher quality of resources. In other countries, such as Pakistan, a low life expectancy may be caused by a shortage of resources and services available to its citizens. As a result, more people consider Canada a better country, as the resources that citizens have access to make for a healthier lifestyle and prolonged life span.

Below is a population pyramid of Canada in 2015:
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This pyramid chart further reinforces the fact that Canada has an extremely stable population, as the bottom of the pyramid is contracted with a large middle portion. The majority of men and women in the country are in between 40 and 65 years of age. However, the fact that most people in Canada are in between this age demographic means that its population is aging at an incredible rate. While this may be a negative factor; it is a beneficial factor for elderly people, as more services would be made to cater towards them.

Immigration Factors

Currently, Canada heavily relies on immigration to increase the economy and the population. Below are statistics regarding Canada's immigration factors:

  • Immigration Rate: 7.41 people per 1000, with a total of about 264,904 immigrants living in Canada.
  • Emigration Rate: 1.75 people per 1000, with a total of about 62,560 people who emigrated from Canada.
  • Net Migration Rate: 5.66 migrants people per 1000 people. This is the difference between the immigration and emigration rates. (Approximately 202,344 people)
  • Philippines, China, and India are where most immigrants originate from.
  • Push factors include war, low opportunity, and poverty.
  • Jobs, health care, and education are examples of pull factors.

From this data, we can understand that immigrants make up a large role in the economy. Compared to other countries such as China and Pakistan, Canada is able to increase its economy without having to expend internal resources. It also results in foreign relations being created between Canada and other countries, giving advantages to Canada in the future. Furthermore, we can deduce that Canada draws in a large amount of immigrants from other countries. This may be due to superior living conditions, improved wages, and diverse communities among other reasons.

Furthermore, Canada's immigration system is extremely advanced and fair. As it currently is, Canada's immigration system requires points, which are allocated based on the types of skills that a person possesses. As a result, only the most skilled of workers are accepted into Canada. This means that the country's work force will stay in a stable condition.

In conclusion, the fact that Canada receives many immigrants allows both the country and its citizens to benefit.

Population Diversity

Canada's population is regarded as one of the most culturally diverse communities in the world. In fact, over 65% of Canada's population are not of Canadian descent, and are from different countries all over the world. Some of the largest non-native ethnic groups in Canada include French, Scottish, and Italians; making up 15.42%, 14.35%, and 4.53% of Canada's population respectively. In fact, as of 2004, over 18% of Canada's population was made up of foreign born residents.
Compared to other countries such as Hungary and Luxembourg, Canada's population features many different cultures and ethnic groups. As a result, more people are likely to emigrate from these countries, as they desire communities that contain people similar to them. Likewise, they are also treated fairly, and are respected by society and by Canadian rights. Additionally, more services and products in these countries would cater to these groups of people. Examples of these would be certain cultural restaurants or product stores that cater towards a certain ethnic group.

Thus, Canada's population diversity certainly makes it a better place to live in and a better country in comparison.

First Nations

Currently, the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis people of Canada are not treated as well as they were proposed to be. This is shown in the fact that they are constantly segregated and are the subject of many cruel and racist stereotypes over the years (such as being drunks, drug-addicts, etc.). Moreover, their quality of life is not very appreciable, due to the fact that the quality of the land that they live on is not considerable, their education is not up to par, and their homes are in disrepair. Furthermore, they do not have many rights, and these Aboriginals can only receive a post-secondary education if they give away their "status" as a registered Aboriginal. These points further reinforce the fact that the Métis, Inuit, and First Nations people of Canada are mistreated in today's society, both by the government and by the people around them.

Population Density

In contrast to many other developed countries around the world, Canada's population is much less dense in proportion to the amount of space available. As a result, there is more space for people to live in, creating a higher quality of life for the citizens of Canada. Furthermore, a lower population density also means that Canada's larger cities and towns are not as congested as other major cities in developed countries. It also means that these areas are much less noisy compared to each other. For example, the city of Madrid, Spain's population density of 5200 people per square kilometer is much higher than Toronto's 2650 people per square kilometer population density. Therefore, the amount of noise and congestion within Madrid would be much higher than Toronto's.

When comparing population density, Canada is often considered to be a much superior country due to having a relatively moderate population of people (38th in the world) and possessing a large area of land (ranked 5th in the world).

Interactions in the Physical Environment

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Overview

Canada is one of the few countries in the world to feature a wide variety of different land form regions. Compared to many other countries in the world today, Canada's wide variety of regions, climates, and weather patterns make it a far more superior country.

Climate

There are a few climates in Canada that are generally favored among other climates found in different countries. The eight climate regions in Canada are the Arctic, Boreal, Taiga, Cordilleran, Prairie, South-eastern, Atlantic Maritime and Pacific Maritime regions. With a large variety of different climates available, citizens of Canada are able to choose one that is preferable to their lifestyle. For example, a citizen may prefer to live in the Atlantic Maritime region due to a moderate climate, or in the colder climate found in the Arctic. Compared to countries with only a few dominant climates, such as Saudi Arabia, Canada's wide variety of climate regions allows citizens to live comfortably.
Furthermore, the weather patterns and climate found across Canada are extremely diverse as well. Similar to the climate regions, weather patterns and temperatures vary depending on which area you are in. This variation is largely due to the six climate control factors:

  • Latitude
  • Ocean Currents
  • Winds and Air Masses
  • Elevation
  • Relief
  • And finally, Nearness to Water
These climate control factors largely result in the variation of temperatures and weather patterns between areas. For example, the temperature in the Atlantic Maritime region is extremely moderated due to water being directly next to it. The elevation of the Prairies causing hot weather and low amounts of precipitation is another example of how climate control factors affect the variation of temperatures and weather patterns. Compared to other countries with only a few different climate control factors, such as Madagascar, the different temperatures and weather patterns further allow Canadian citizens to live a more comfortable lifestyle in their area of choice.

Therefore, the diversity within Canada's climate certainly makes it a better country to live in.

Air Quality

Canada's air is extremely clean, allowing Canadians to live healthier lives. Most of the cities on the Air Quality Health Index (or AQHI) have air that has a low risk of causing health problems. Compared to countries such as China, where air quality is almost unbearable, Canada's skies are clear and air is fresh without pollutants. Thus, Canadians are able to live healthy without having to worry about airborne health issues.

Landform Regions

Within Canada, there are a large variety of different landform regions that are not present in many other places around the world. There are seven distinct landform regions that are found across Canada, these are:

  • The Western Cordillera
  • Interior Plains
  • Canadian Shield
  • Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence Lowlands
  • Appalachian Region
  • Hudson Bay/Arctic Lowlands
  • And the Innuitian Mountains.
All of these landforms have distinct features that separate them apart from each other. For example, the Interior Plains contain very flat regions of land suitable for growing crops, while the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence Lowlands contain large bodies of fresh water. As a result of these diverse landform regions, a large amount of natural resources are available in Canada for usage. Likewise, the diversity of landform regions also increases the amount of biodiversity that is available within Canada. Moreover, in contrast to other places in the world that do not have many different landform regions, such as Alaska, the beauty and marvel of Canada's landform regions are unmatched. This ends up drawing people into the country to observe Canada's wide variety of different land regions.
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A map displaying where the different landform regions are located in Canada.

Vegetation and Soil

The soil and plants that are found in Canada greatly affect how people live and what resources are available.

  • Firstly, the soil that is found in Canada is extremely rich in nutrients and humus. As a result, a wide variety of different plants can be grown and found within the wild. This further increases the amount of biodiversity that is found across Canada.
  • Likewise, different landform regions have different properties of soil. The different properties may include acidity, soil type, and nutrient content. As a result of this, the types of vegetation and therefore resources that are found greatly vary from each other.
  • This ends up diversifying and ultimately increasing the amount of different resources that are available in Canada, thus making it a better place to live in.
An example of an area in Canada with excellent soil quality is the Interior Plains. The increase in soil quality in the Interior Plains is due to the fact that the soil is rich with dead organic matter, increasing the amount of nutrients that are available. As a result, the vegetation in this area grows extremely large and healthy, making it a very suitable area for farming. In fact, the Interior Plains are where many of Canada's farms are found. Compared to other countries with poor soil quality, such as Sudan, Canada's soil quality allows it to have a variety of different natural resources. Due to these natural resources being available, it allows the citizens to live better lives and allows Canada to have an increase in economy.
In fact, as Canada contains a large amount of vegetation, the quality of the air is also increased. This is because plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen gas that we breathe. As a result, Canada's air quality is much better than countries without a large amount of plant life, such as China; where the air is extremely polluted with carbon dioxide to the point that citizens are not even able to go outside sometimes. Furthermore, wetlands found all across Canada help filter water through ecosystems. In fact, Canada even uses water from wetlands as drinking water. Thus, as a result of vegetation, Canada possesses clean air and safe drinking water; making it a great country to live in.

Ecotourism

The many landform regions in Canada attract many people from all over the world for a variety of different reasons, which make Canada a better place to live.

  • First of all, a large amount of money is made from ecotourism jobs. This directly contributes to Canada's economy, and provides jobs for Canadians each year.
  • Moreover, the landforms spread across Canada are widely regarded around the world for their natural beauty. This makes them incredible sights to see, drawing in a large amount of people from around the world.
  • Likewise, compared to countries without large ecotourism sites, Canada's citizens are much more entertained and happier, as ecotourism serves as a form of entertainment.
  • Finally, the experiences that the tours offer are incredibly exhilarating and remarkable. This is due to the fact that people are able to experience natural entertainment, increasing the quality of life as a result.


Thus, ecotourism in Canada definitely makes it a better place to live in for both its citizens and for its economy.

Resources and Industries

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Overview

Canada manages its resources and industries using a variety sustainable methods. In fact, Canada is renowned across the world for its sustainable methods of managing resources and industries. In contrast to many other countries around the world, Canada's sustainability, resources, and industries make it a much more preferable country to live in.

Water

Water is an extremely important resource; without it, life on Earth would simply cease to exist. However, Canada is widely known for and in fact possesses 20% of the world's available freshwater. Due to this, Canada is almost guaranteed to have a supply of freshwater available for consumption. The Great Lakes and Niagara Falls are a few of the world's largest reservoirs of fresh water, and they are both in Canada. Since Canada has all of this freshwater available, Canadian citizens do not have to worry about it running out. This makes Canada better than countries without a large amount of freshwater available, such as
Moreover, Canada also features many sustainable methods of managing and using its water supply. Therefore, the freshwater reserves that Canada possesses clearly makes it a better country.

  • To start, Canada uses many advanced systems to ensure that safe drinking water can be renewed throughout the country. Using this system, water can be cleaned and used again from sewage, storm drains, and polluted streams.
  • As a result, less water is wasted, and Canadians will constantly have water available to use.
  • Furthermore, Canada also uses its water as a form of renewable energy. Due to the fact that Canada features a large abundance of water, engineers have devised of a way to generate electricity using it.
  • As a result, Canada is able to generate clean, sustainable, and renewable energy to its citizens.

Oil

Oil is one of the greatest commodities that the world depends on today, and Canada possesses large amounts of it. In fact, Canada is estimated to have over 172 billion barrels of oil that can be extracted from the Alberta Oil Sands. Due to this, Canada and its citizens gains a large amount of benefits.

  • First of all, the oil industry generates large amounts of jobs for Canadians. In 2014, over 100 000 people were employed in Northern Alberta alone
  • Moreover, due to the fact that Canada has a large amount of oil, Canadians are able to purchase oil for a cheaper price
  • As a result, Canadians can save money and also contribute to the local economy. Finally, Canada also exports its oil out to other countries
  • Thus, both Canada's economy and amount of jobs increase, directly benefiting the citizens


Therefore, oil allows Canadians to live much better lives compared to countries without it.


However, the method is retrieving oil from oil sands is rather unsustainable. For example, large amounts of fresh water are used in order to extract the crude oil from the sands, wasting a precious resource that is already limited. Also, the practices put severe tolls on the environment and the atmosphere, reducing the quality of life as a result.

Forests

Canada is also known for its large and dense forests scattered throughout the country. This is incredibly beneficial to Canadians and the environment.

  • First and foremost, the forestry industry is extremely large and successful. It also generates large amounts of jobs that Canadians can work in. In fact, over 350 000 people worked in a forestry related job in 2015.
  • Likewise, as the forestry industry is so large, Canadian citizens are able to get paper and wood products for cheaper prices. This allows Canadians to contribute to the industry while also saving money.
  • Finally, the biodiversity of plants and animals in Canada are also increased. This means that more species can be found in the Canadian wilderness.


As a result, Canadians are able to enjoy nature much more compared to countries without large amounts of forests.

In addition to that, Canada also manages its forests in extremely sustainable ways. For example, Canada uses a method known as selective cutting. In this method, only certain groves of trees are cut instead of the entire forest. As a result, the forest is able to regrow, and Canada is able to receive the raw material. Furthermore, Canadian forestry companies also plant new trees into the ground after they cut down larger ones. This gives the environment a chance to replenish the resources that were removed. As a result of these sustainable practices, Canadian citizens are able to receive wood products while also being able to have their forests conserved for future generations. Therefore, the forestry industry of Canada definitely makes it a better place to live in.

Mining

Incredibly colossal minerals and rare jewels can be found in Canada, and there are a large amounts of benefits to this. Firstly, the mining industry provides many jobs to Canadians in many different fields. These fields include engineers, scalpers, and the miners themselves. Furthermore, many rare and useful minerals can be found underground. These include uranium, diamond, and emerald. As a result, not only can Canadians get rare jewels at cheaper prices, but industries can also use these minerals as well. This means that Canada would save money on minerals, increasing the amount of money that could be used for the benefit of the citizens. Finally, Canada is able to use uranium to generate power. As a result, Canada is able to generate large amounts of power without having to spend extra funds on resources. This means that Canada saves money that could be used to benefit the citizens. Thus, mining absolutely allows Canadians to live better lifestyles.

Energy

Energy is without a doubt, a resource that is necessary for any modern city to function. Currently, Canada features a large amount of sustainable and modern methods of generating electricity to its citizens.

  • For example, as Canada has a large abundance of uranium and thorium, it uses nuclear energy to supply electricity to homes across Canada.
  • Furthermore, hydroelectricity is used to generate power in an environmentally friendly and resource friendly manner.
  • Likewise, solar panels are installed throughout major cities in Canada in order to take advantage of the raw power of the sun
  • In addition, windmills are installed throughout Canada to capture the energy of winds currents.
  • Finally, Canada utilizes bio-matter and waste in order to create energy, effectively using space that would otherwise be used for landfills as energy production instead.
These practices are sustainable for a few reasons. First of all, hydroelectricity, solar, and wind power provide large quantities of electricity while also being clean. This allows Canadian citizens to live in a clean environment while also having access to electricity. Moreover, Canada utilizes mostly renewable energy sources. As a result of this, Canada is able to consistently generate power for many generations, preserving resources for future generations. Finally, using biomass as energy allows Canada to create energy while also getting rid of waste. As a result, Canada does not need to use as many resources to create energy, making it sustainable. These are a few sustainable energy practices that allow citizens to live better in Canada.

Agriculture

Agriculture is an extremely important and sustainable resource that Canada possesses.

  • Firstly, Canada grows a large amount of different plants. These include flax seed, canola, and durum wheat. This means that these plants and products that contain these plants are much cheaper to Canadians, as they are locally grown.
  • Moreover, the agriculture industry provides many jobs to Canadians. In fact, 2% of Canada's labor force is comprised of the agriculture industry.
  • Furthermore, Canada's agriculture industry provides fresh and unprocessed produce to the country. As a result, the produce that is put in Canadian markets is much healthier, benefiting the citizens.
  • Likewise, agriculture generates a large amount of income. Canada is then able top to use this money to directly benefit the citizens of Canada.
  • Finally, the sustainable practices that Canada uses greatly affect the crops that are produced. A few of these include using natural pest predators instead of pesticides, and using crop rotation so that the soil becomes healthier. As a result of these, the crops that are produced are much healthier and of a higher quality.

Therefore, Canada's refined agriculture system increases the quality of life.

Health Care

Canada features an extremely extensive and reliable health care service. There are many features about Canada's health care system that benefit the citizens.

  • First and foremost, Canada's health care system allows citizens to stay healthy. This is by far the sole reason why health care exists; to keep the people in a healthy state.
  • Moreover, Canada's health care system is free to patients. This is because Canada's government pays for the health care system, unlike other countries. As a result, Canadians do not have to pay large amounts of money in order to stay healthy.
  • Likewise, Canadians are guaranteed free health care for their entire lives. In fact, they are eligible for health care as soon as they are born. As a result of this, Canadian citizens are ensure to have a reliable health care system covering them.
  • Finally, everyone is treated fairly when it comes to the type of health care that one would receive. No matter what type of job or income that a person has, they will all receive the same type of treatment that anybody else would.


Therefore, Canada's health care industry is extremely great at keeping its citizens healthy.

Trade

In terms of trade, Canada is a country that benefits extremely well from it. These benefits also affect the citizens of Canada as well.

  • First of all, Canada receives many different imports that cannot be found within the country. These include oranges, plastics, and different metals. From this, the citizens of Canada are able to receive useful products that would otherwise be unavailable.
  • Moreover, there are many jobs that are related to trade. In fact, about 4 million jobs were created between 1993 to 2008 that related to trade. Due to this, Canadians are able to find more jobs and therefore have more opportunities.
  • Furthermore, Canada generates a large amount of income from exports. Some of the exported products include canola oil, crude oil, and diamond. The increase in economy allows Canada to use more income to benefit the needs of the citizens.

Compared to other countries without developed or strong trade systems, Canada's trade system surely makes it a better place to live in.
However, the North American Free Trade Agreement (or NAFTA) signed between Canada, U.S.A, and Mexico also benefits Canadian citizens. First and foremost, it spawned a large amount of jobs related to trade within Canada. These include Foreign Service, Policy, and Commerce officers. Due to this, Canadians are able to find more opportunities for jobs compared to countries without large trading systems. Moreover, the economy received an extremely large gain. Using this income, Canada is able to benefit the needs of the citizens throughout the country. Finally, Canada imports many useful products from the U.S.A and Mexico. A few of the top imported items from both of these countries include vehicles, machinery, and fruits. As a result of this, Canadian citizens are able to use products essential to daily life that would otherwise be inaccessible if it free trade did not exist.

Livable Communities

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Overview

In order for people to live in a country, the community around them must be sustainable and livable. Canada features many different factors that make the communities around them livable and sustainable for future generations.

Residential Land Use

There are a variety of different types of residential areas that are available to Canadians. First of all, urban areas are areas that are highly and densely populated areas, in which places are very close to each other. These types of areas are also central areas for office jobs and corporate businesses. An example of an urban area in Canada is Toronto, Ontario. Moreover, suburban areas are areas which are mostly used for residential and mixed use purposes. In these types of areas, houses are much larger than the ones in urban areas, however, places are spaced farther apart. Mississauga and Brampton are prime examples of suburban cities. Lastly, rural areas are areas that are very sparsely populated and have very low population densities. These are areas mostly known for agriculture and other jobs that require large amounts of space. Examples of these areas include Northern Alberta and East Newfoundland. However, Canadians have a choice of which area they want to live in, allowing them to live their lifestyle in a better way.

There are a variety of different housing options that can be found within Canada, including:

Commercial Land Use

Throughout Canada, many commercial centers of different sizes are placed in many different ways. For example, shopping centers may be located inside of communities or may be located in a shopping district. An example of these would be a local plaza or a town center respectively. This is an advantage in suburban and rural areas, where communities are farther apart compared to urban areas. While it may be slightly farther apart, it is still accessible to the rest of the community. Moreover, since there is not as much space available in urban areas, stores are placed underneath apartment buildings and corporate offices. As a result, it increases convenience to the people living near the store and it conserves space that could be used for other purposes.

Industrial Land Use

Within Canada, industrial land use greatly affects the life of its citizens. For example, factories and manufacturing plants are usually placed away from the population. These are due to the fact that factories and manufacturing plants release many harmful by-products into the environment. As a result of being farther away from the factories, the citizens can live healthier and more enjoyable lives. Moreover, factories take up small amount of space compared to other uses of space. In fact, industrial areas only take up 6% of a Canadian city on average. This means that there is more space for Canadians to live their lives. However, factories use many resources available in Canada and pollute the environment. This negatively impacts the lives of Canadians.

Green Space

The usage of green space in Canada benefits the citizens in a myriad of different ways. Firstly, there are many different types of green spaces located throughout Canada. These include public parks, greenhouses, and community gardens. As a result of this green space, the environment around urban areas are much more clean; increasing the quality of life in Canada. Moreover, green space can also be used for entertainment purposes. In a modern city, there may not be many places to entertain people outside. However, the green space that Canada has allows citizens to stay entertained and happy, increasing the quality of life. Finally, green spaces help maintain the environment and other natural factors in urban cities. These include regulating water quality, increasing air quality, and reducing soil erosion. As a result of green space, urban cities are able to stay in stable condition; ensuring that the citizens can live good lives.

Below are the three different categories of green space:

Settlement Patterns

The current settlement patterns of Canada seem to be very densely moving toward Ontario and British Columbia, Vancouver in particular. Also, many people are starting to move out of rural communities and into urban communities. This may be due to the multicultural communities, job opportunities, and urban environment. As a result of this:

  • These provinces and major cities will become overpopulated/crowded.
  • There will be lower amounts of space for people to live in.
  • Products and cost of living will become more expensive to match the high demand.
  • The total amount of job opportunities will diminish, leaving very little opportunity for new people coming to Canada to grow.
  • Urban sprawl will start to become larger, reducing the amount of rural space that is available.

Urban Sprawl

Urban sprawl is a growth factor that creates a large variety of negative effects for Canada's livable communities. Urban sprawl is the uncontrolled expansion of urban areas into rural areas due to an increase of population and decrease in space. They are characterized by spread out communities that rely on cars as their main method of travel. There are a few benefits of urban sprawl, such as:

  • Containing larger amounts of space for families.
  • Lower housing prices compared to city residences.
  • Wider roads for more efficient car transportation.
However, there are many negative factors associated with urban sprawl. A few of these are:

  • Inefficient land usage and waste of space due to larger homes and a lower population density.
  • Increased energy usage due to larger homes.
  • Negative health risks and effects on the environment due to the excessive usage of cars.
  • Distances between places are extremely far away. This encourages the usage of cars, which have obvious negative impacts.


Thus, while urban sprawl does have a few benefits, the negative impacts that it has on Canada are much worse.

Transportation

Canada features a wide variety of different transportation mechanisms that are used to get across cities.

  • First of all, cars are extremely reliable and efficient to get around. They can be found almost everywhere across Canada. As long as roads continue to exist and are maintained; cars will always be a part of a community.
  • Moreover, public buses are also reliable and efficient to get around. They are found in the same areas as cars. Buses are able to carry many passengers at a time while saving energy, making them very sustainable and efficient.
  • Likewise, subways are extremely efficient and extensive. Subways are primarily found in urban cities. They are also able to carry many passengers to set destinations, and are also unaffected by road traffic.
  • In addition, street cars and light rail vehicles do not pollute the environment and are fast. Street cars are mostly found in urban or high density areas. As they run on electricity, they do not pollute the environment. Also, they have their own dedicated lanes, meaning that they are not affected by ongoing traffic.
  • Finally, trains are extremely efficient and can carry freight as well as people. They can be found all over Canada. In fact, the Trans-Canada Railway is a railroad that runs all the way from British Columbia to Ontario. They can move extremely fast, and are meant for traveling long distances.
Thus, the variety of transportation options within Canada make life extremely better for life.

The Verdict

Before we conclude with our final decision, let's review the pros and cons of living in Canada:

Canada has:
  • A stable population
  • A multicultural society
  • A democratic government
  • Fair immigration systems
  • A variety of climates
  • Many different landform regions
  • Clean air
  • Large variety of different resources (water, plants, etc.)
  • Ecotourism
  • Reliable and successful industries
  • A renowned health care system
  • Clean sources of energy
  • A myriad of job opportunities
  • A variety of different modes of transportation
  • Different housing options and residential areas
  • Huge amounts of green space
  • And finally, many different transportation options within cities.

However, Canada also has:

  • A mistreatment of certain ethnic groups (i.e: First Nation Peoples)
  • Large amount of unused and wasted space
  • Unsustainable oil management
  • Some water pollution
  • Pollution caused by nuclear waste
  • Negative settlement patterns
  • And finally, an unsustainable situation concerning urban sprawl.

By weighing the pros and cons, I have come to the conclusion that in my opinion, Canada is the overall greatest country to live in compared to other countries around the world.

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