Rainforest

Ciara Blaisdell

Location

There are two kinds of Rainforest- tropical and temperate. The tropical rainforest are usually found near the equator. More than fifty percent of all Rainforest are located in Latin America .The other twenty-five percent of all the tropical Rainforest are found in South East Asia and the Pacific Islands. The other eighteen percent of all the tropical Rainforest in the world are located in West Africa.The temperate rainforest are located along coasts in the temperate zone. Which includes the Pacific Northwest of the USA. On the Pacific Coast of North America is where the largest temperate Rainforest are located. The largest temperate rainforest stretch for 1,200 miles from Oregon to Alaska! United Kingdom, Norway, Japan, New Zealand, and southern Australia are all coastal strips that have temperate rainforest located on them.

General Characteristics

Both the tropical and temperate rainforest share characteristics. This includes that most trees flare at its base, vegetation is dense, very green and very tall. They also both have tons of plant and animal life there.

Weather and Climate

The rainforest are hot and wet. This is because all rainforest s are located near the equator. There is more direct sun hitting the land and the sea more than anywhere else on the world because they are all located near the equator. The average temperature of a rain forest is about 77 degrees F. The temperature of a rain forest never gets below 64 degrees F. It is always so hit because rain forest are located near the equator. There is more solar radiation when you are closer to the equator. Rain forest are never located in climates that have a temperature of 32 degrees F or lower. This is because it rains a lot at a rain forest and the rain would get cooler and the plants that live in rainforest are not adapted to frost or cold climates like that.

Temperature

Rainforest are included in the tropical wet climate group. The temperature of a rain forest rarely gets higher than ninety-three degrees F or below sixty-three degrees F. The average temperature of a rain forest is about seventy-seven degrees F. The average humidity is about 77 and 88%.

Precipitation

An average of 50 to 260 inches of rain falls yearly in the rainforest. Rainforest gets lots and lots of rain because it is always very hot and wet. Which the hotter the air is, the more water vapor it can hold. It rains about 1\8 of an inch of rain per day. Sometimes plants on the ground of a rain forest have trouble getting water. This is because the trees leaves act as if they are shields. They hold all of the rain water because the trees are so tall. Because they are so tall that is the first thing that rain reaches first. Some plants grow on trees to get the water that they need. But other plants on the ground are adapted to not getting lots of water.

Landforms

Most Rain forest does have mountains, canyons, rivers, waterfalls, hills, and other landforms. High mountains may have alpine, tundra, and snow covered peaks.

Animals

There are a lot of animals that live in the forest. One of those animals is a Slender Loris. The Slender Loris is a small, nocturnal animal and is only found in tropical rainforest in Southern India and Sri Lanka. The Slender Loris is between 6-10 inches, about the size of a chipmunk, and weighs about 10.5-12 ounces. They will eat insects, slugs, young leaves, flowers, shoots, occasionally eggs and nestlings. The Slender Loris may or may not be endangered. This is because it is not clear on how many Slender Loris there is because they are so small and because of their nocturnal habitats, so its difficult to do an accurate account. Another animal is a Bengal Tiger. A Bengal Tiger is a beautiful animal. The weight of this tiger is about 575 pounds! It can get up to ten feet long and three feet tall. The Bengal Tiges eats boars, wild oxen, monkeys, and other animals. The Bengal Tiger is not endangered. One other animal is the Toco Toucan. It is the largest of all toucans. It can get to about twenty-four to twenty-six inches in length! It eats fruit, seeds, insects, and spiders, and it can also steal eggs and nestlings from smaller birds. The Toco Toucan is not endangered.

Plants

There are also very many plants in the rainforest. One of those plants is called the Bengal Bamboo. It's Genus and its species is Bambusa tulda. This bamboo can grow anywhere between 49 to 80 feet in height. It is approximately three inches in diameter at maturity. The Bengal Bamboo has very dark green, straight stalky culms, known as the stem. The leaves are long, narrow, and green in color. It can live from 25 to 40 years. Bengal bamboo is important to its environment. It can reduce soil erosion. It is not endangered. Another plant is the Jambu. Its Genus and species is Syzygium aqueum. This fruit is the smallest in a group of similar fruits of the Syzygium genus. The Jambu is a small tree or a large shrub. It can grow in the average of 10 to 20 feet high in height. They are 2 to 10 inches long and 1 to 6 inches wide. The Jambu is pink when it's young and as it grows older it becomes dull. The petals are pale yellow, yellow-white or pink and the stamens are uni-colored. Then as they become mature they are light-green above and yellowish-green beneath. They are shaped like a pear. The Jambu has a wide apex and a narrow neck. The flesh is white or pink, slightly fragrant, crisp and juicy with a faint sweet flavor. One other plant is called the Durian. It's Genus and species is Durio zibethinus. The durian is thought to be one of Southeast Asia's most ancient and primitive trees. It bears large, odoriferous fruits directly from its trunk and main branches. It has a life span of 80 to 150 years. But the durian can live longer than that. It is believed that durians only die when they are blown down in a storm or cut down by man. Durians can grow to heights of 90 to 130 feet and are considered a sub-canopy tree.

Human Impact

Tropical rainforests are important because they provide oxygen, take in carbon dioxide, and are a huge source of biodiversity and cultural diversity. Rainforests around the world also provide people with food and spices, for example, allspice, vanilla, cacao, cassava, ginger, bananas, black pepper, sugar cane, nutmeg and more. With all of this use, we need to be concerned about the stress we are putting on rainforests. About thirty acres of trees are cut in tropical rainforests every minute! People are logging for firewood, charcoal, building materials and other uses. Trees are being removed for commercial agriculture, which may cause permanent damage.