Japan

Examination Prep

Japan's Geography & the Impact it has on it

Japan is a Small Nation:

-smaller military

-easy to govern because it is so small

-not much room to expand internally

-conquerers other lands

-few natural resources


Japan is an archipelago:

-steady supply of fish for food

-many natural harbors


Japan has many mountains:

-hard to travel across island

-hard to communicate across land

-population density-> many people living in a small area

-good natural defense

-little arable land-> developed terrace farming->increased the amount of arable land


Japan is located very close to its Asian neighbors of China and Korea:

-cultural diffusion-> "cultural borrowing"

-writing style

-art and architecture

-farming

-religion

*Korea acted as a land bridge between Japan and China

Vocabulary/ Key Terms

Archipelago- chain of islands


Shintoism- an ancient religion that the Japanese followed where they worshipped the forces of nature and it calmed the people down because they lived in the ring of fire where it was common to have many natural disasters; there were many rituals and shrines and it recognizes many sacred places.


Kami- nature spirits that the chiefs were believed to have gained their power through


Yamato Clan- 500 CE, came to dominate a corner of Honshu (the largest government) set up Japanese first and only Dynasty


Constitution of Prince Shotoku- constitution setup by Prince Shotoku made up of Buddhist and Confucian rules (made a centralized government to over come the clans)


Feudalism- political and military system where and is exchanged for military service, Lords give land to vassa;s in exchange for military service and loyalty

Japanese Feudalism

Culture of Japan

(A lot of cultural borrowing took place) At around 500 CE missionaries from Korea had introduced Buddhism to Japan. With it came knowledge of Chinese writing and culture. This opening sparked a sudden surge of Japanese interest in Chinese civilization. In order for Prince Shotoku to learn more about China he sent young nobles to study in China. Over the next 200 years many Japanese students, monks, traders, and officials visited the Tang court. They adopted Buddhist and Confucian ideas to put into the Constitution of Prince Shotoku. He was the first person to build up Japan. Wanted people of Japan to be kind and respectful to our neighbors and act according to our role.

Government of Japan

Feudalism- political and military system where and is exchanged for military service, Lords give land to vassa;s in exchange for military service and loyalty


Feudalism Erodes Imperical/Authority -

Decline of Central Power:

-During most of the Heian period (794-1185) rich Fujiwara family rules

-In mid 1,000's large landowners build private armies build private armies and become warlords

-small and owners trade land to warlords in exchange for protection

-feudal system of local rule develops Fujiwara family loses power

The Code of Bushido

The samurai were expected to show reckless courage, reverence for the Gods, fairness, and generosity towards those weaker then themselves. They are also supposed to kill yourself in stead of capture and die a noble death.