2005 Nobel Piece Prize Project

Created By: Ryan B., Lauren C., Kevin C.

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What they did to earn the prize

Yves Chauvins- Created a mechanism that showed how catalysts function in reactions.

  • Catalyst- substance that influences a reaction to produce products, but does not itself change.
  • The mechanism showed that the catalyst in a reaction first formed a ring of four atoms with the reactant .
  • The double bonds formed between the carbon atoms and the reactants then separated, forming the products.
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Shrock- Experimented to find or create new, more efficient catalysts.

  • Shrock, developed a group of molybdenum catalysts that were sensitive to oxygen and moisture.

Grubbs- Worked to create more stable and reliable catalysts.

  • Grubbs, discovered catalyst containing the metal ruthenium.
  • The new catalyst was stable in air,and worked when water, alcohol, and carboxyl acids were present.
  • Grubbs' catalyst became the first catalyst that could be used in general labs for practical purposes and is the standard to which newly developed catalysts are compared.

Why did they win, why is it important

Before their research, little information was known about how catalyst worked or what they were. Their research allowed organic chemistry to develop better and safer substances. Production of synthetic substances became less expensive and produced less dangerous material as a result. They helped to solve problems like the creation of catalyst for synthetic production and unknown facts in organic chemistry. It is being used to develop new molecules or substances that can be used to fight diseases like cancer, infections, and etc...