Hepatitis B

HBV: A liver infection caused by Hep B virus

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Signs and Symptoms

- Spread by sexual contact / passed on from an infected mother to her baby at birth / sharing needles


Pain types: can be mild


  1. yellowing of eyes
  2. abdominal pain
  3. dark urine
  4. joint pain
  5. nausea and vomiting
  6. Fatigue and loss of appetite


The virus attacks the liver and can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis, liver cancer, liver failure, and death.

Treatable?

-can be prevented by vaccine but there is no cure for Hepatitis B


-several new treatments available that can only delay or reverse the effects of liver disease


Usually from doctors, people with acute Hep B are recommended to do the list below


  • getting bed rest
  • drinking lots of fluids
  • taking over-the counter pain reliever (Motrin & Advil)
  • Adequate nutrition
  • Close medical monitoring


People with chronic Hep B (expected or experience Hep B-related illness or death within the next 20 years and are expected to benefit from therapy)


Doctors determin the most appropriate medical care for each patient.


The goal of therapy

- to prevent cirrhosis, liver failure, liver cancer by reducing HBV viral load and the loss of HBeAg while improving liver enzyme levels.

Prevention/Protection Against Hep B

Preventable by vaccine

Any complications it can cause in later years (include if it affects pregnancy)

If you test positive for HBV and are pregnant, the virus cab be passed on to your newborn baby during delivery.


HBV should not cause any problem for the mother and her newborn baby during the pregnancy.

If the mother tested positive for HBV, her baby must get 2 shots immediately in the delivery room.


  1. First dose of the Hep B vaccine
  2. One dose of the Hep B immune Globulin (HBIG)