Autism spectrum disorder

Reyna Vargas

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how child gets it

Scientists believe that both genetics and environment likely play a role in ASD. There is great concern that rates of autism have been increasing in recent decades without full explanation as to why. Researchers have identified a number of genes associated with the disorder. Imaging studies of people with ASD have found differences in the development of several regions of the brain. Studies suggest that ASD could be a result of disruptions in normal brain growth very early in development. These disruptions may be the result of defects in genes that control brain development and regulate how brain cells communicate with each other.
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symptoms

  • impaired ability to make friends with peers
  • impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others
  • absence or impairment of imaginative and social play
  • repetitive or unusual use of language
  • abnormally intense or focused interest
  • preoccupation with certain objects or subjects
  • inflexible adherence to specific routines or rituals
  • EARLY SIGNS OF PREGNANCY
  • no babbling or pointing by age 1
  • no single words by age 16 months or two-word phrases by age 2
  • no response to name
  • loss of language or social skills previously acquired
  • poor eye contact
  • excessive lining up of toys or objects
  • no smiling or social responsiveness
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    treatment options

    ASD can be treated.Early behavioral/educational interventions have been very successful in many children with ASD. In these interventions therapists use highly structured and intensive skill-oriented training sessions to help children develop social and language skills, such as applied behavioral analysis, which encourages positive behaviors and discourages negative ones. While medication can’t cure ASD or even treat its main symptoms, there are some that can help with related symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Antipsychotic medications are used to treat severe behavioral problems.

    life expectancy

    ASD children do not have a specific life expectancy. they wii9ll live they will just have a lot of changes and challenges.

    facts

    Children who have a sibling with ASD are at a higher risk of also having ASD.

    Children born to older parents are at greater risk for having ASD.

    ASD tends to occur more often in people who have certain genetic or chromosomal conditions, such as fragile X syndrome(http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fxs/facts.html) or tuberous sclerosis.