The Himalayas

My Appetizer By Michelle Dalirifar

The Himalayas

The Himalayas by far are the tallest mountains in the world. This mighty range stretches 1,500 miles from east to west, across Bhutan, Nepal, India, Tibet, China, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. This range is hope to nine of the ten highest peaks on Earth, including the hightes, Mount Everest.

Its Affect On People

The Himalayas are very important to people. They are a great source of water. The snow on top of the mountain tops eventually melts and turns into water. Three of Asia's most important river systems, which are the Indus, the Yangtze, and the Ganges-Brahmaputra begin in the Himalayas. Around two billion people depend on the Himalayas for survival. The Himalayas provide a diverse range of environments and resources such as minerals, due to tectonic influence. They also affect weather, and are great tourist attractions with an amazing view. Don't forget it's a good natural divide for countries as well. However, there are some negative affects the Himalayas have on people. They can have landslides or avalanches. They cause things called rain shadows (explained in the box below) and can cause droughts as well. They have poor conditions for farming, and it is difficult to build settlements, because everything becomes linear, only being built in the valleys, and it is difficult to commute between valleys also.

Its Affect On The Environment

The Himalayas have a huge impact on the environment around them. In some areas, mountains block rain, so one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains. If it were not for the Himalayas and other mountains that interfere with the great flow of wind currents around Earth, the world climate would be a lot less complicated. The land on the other side of the mountain, called the leeward side, gets less rain than the other side of the Himalayas. This is called a "rain shadow" and can produce a desert. The Himalayas shape the region's climate as well. They block clouds and moist air moves north from the Indian Ocean. When the clouds hit the Himalayas, they rise and cool. Cool air can't hold as much moisture, and it rains. It drenches the southern Himalayan slopes a lot.

Its Affect On Places

The HImalayas have quite an affect on the places surrounding it. Landslides and avalanches could happen any day and the buildings/houses/ would be destroyed by the snow, ice, and rocks. The Himalayas act as a wall in the northern boarder and protect us from enemies. It also stops monsoon winds from going further and thus bring heavy rainfalls to the northern plains of India. Without them, the countries it spreads across, would be very different and so would their climate and weather.

"Such a Beautiful View!"

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The Himalayas from 20,000 ft.