The Rules of Research

By: Sophia Adair


Plagiarizing is when you use somebody's words or ideas without permission. An easy way to avoid plagiarism is to cite your sources. Make sure the author of a book or article get's credit. Example: Author Veronica Roth stated in the book Divergent "Once a stiff, always a stiff." If you can't find an author, use the title. You can also use in text citation. Example: "Once a stiff, always a stiff" ( Roth 125). You can also paraphrase. Example: "Once a stiff, always a stiff" The author is trying to say that if you transfer factions you still have traits from your old faction. Also you can quote by saying exactly what the author said. (No example).

MLA Citing

Work cited page- Your work cited page should be on a separate piece of paper and should have all of your citations on it. Example: Work cited page- Jane Robert author of the article "Time for T.V." ebscohost. (Not real) In text citations- In text citations are very important to help you avoid plagiarism. An in text citation is when you quote something or say something somebody else said and citing it like this. Example: "....." (Robert 67). You put the last name of the author or the title (Only if there is no certain author) then the page number. Paraphrasing- Paraphrasing is putting somebody else's thoughts into your own words. If you paraphrase you don't need to use quotation marks but you do need to cite. It is still there idea so you need to cite but it's your own words so you don't need to quote. Example:" Once a stiff, always a stiff" The author is saying you never forget what you learned growing up. Quoting- When you quote something you say somebody's exact words using "quotation marks like this from one end to another". Example: " Once a stiff, always a stiff" (Roth 125).


If you want to use a search engine you need to know what a keyword is. It is a word that stands out in a question. Example: Where was Isaac Newton born? The keywords would be Isaac Newton and born. Bad examples of keywords are was and where. If you were writing a essay on Isaac Newton and you wanted to know where he lived when he was 20, you would need to find the keywords and put those in a search engine.


One of the worst but most common resources is google. Don't use it for an essay! If you can try and use books in libraries or a search tool. Libraries are a good source for informational books. Search tools use keywords and are very helpful when searching for a narrow topic. You can also go to Lakeview middle school home page, go to about our school, click on media center, and go to research. Click on general/primary resources and it will take you to lots of helpful sites like Ebscohost and Mid Continent Public Library. (Copy and paste the links below into web address bar it should work.)


Credibility is a big thing. Which do you think is more credible for definitions Google or a dictionary? It seems easy but let's pretend it's not. You would first look at the letters after the dot. To me .com- Commercial, .gov- Government, .edu- Education, etc. Then you look at the date and author and ask these questions. How long ago was it published? Is the author a good source? Next see who sponsors it and if it has add's. (The dictionary is better.)

Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing. How they're different.

Quoting- Copying that usually shows the person is not the original author. If you do this make sure you use quotation marks and cite it. Paraphrasing- Saying what the author is trying to say in your own words. If you do this make sure you cite it (No need for quotation marks). Summarizing- A brief statement of the main idea in your own words. You do not need to quote. They have different meaning but can easily be confused.