Covalent Bonds Vs. Ionic Bonds
the difference between the two
Ionic bonding is the complete transfer of valence electron(s) between atoms. It is a type of chemical bond that generates two oppositely charged ions. In ionic bonds, the metal loses electrons to become a positively charged cation, whereas the non-metal accepts those electrons to become a negatively charged anion. Ionic bonds require an electron donor, metal, and an electron acceptor, nonmetal.
Valence electrons determine the combining capacity of atoms.
In ionic bonding, valence electrons are taken from the less electronegative atom and the more electronegative atom receives them.
In covalent bonding, the valence electrons are shared between atoms; hence, a bond is created.