Research Tips

How to cite your sources and using citations

How to cite your sources and using sitations correctly

To cite cite you sources you need to:


  • Copy quoted material exactly, enclose it in quotations marks, and name the author immediately before or after the quote. Use the same procedure for summarized or paraphrased material, but omit the quotation marks.
  • Cite the source information (title, publisher, date, and so on) for the quote or paraphrased or summarized information either in parentheses within the text or in a footnote.
  • List on a reference page at the end of your paper the information for all the sources you have cited. (This is not the same as the bibliography.)