Risk factors and Behaviors

By: Tiffani Clark

What is Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a condition and especially one caused by atherosclerosis that reduces the blood flow through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle and typically results in chest pain or heart damage—called also coronary disease, coronary heart disease. It produces a waxy substance called plague. When plague builds up on the artery is it called atherosclerosis. This process takes years to build up.

How does CAD develop?

The process of CAD can start to develop at a young age. Whiny get older the plague begins to harden which gives you a higher risk to get blood clots and heart attacks. The plagues let out chemicals that make the inner walls of the blood vessel sticky. Then things like inflammatory cells, lipoproteins, and, calcium start to stick to the vessel walls. Since that happens the coronary artery develops new blood vessels to supply enough oxogen to the heart but still may not be able to supply the proper amount of oxogen-rich blood .

How to lower your risk of CAD

- Don't smoke

-Control your blood pressure

- Exercise regularly

- Have a heathy diet

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