Organ Cloning for Transplants

By Gianna Zappulla and Stasia Nguyen

What is Organ Cloning?

Organ cloning is a biotechnological method where DNA is extracted from the person receiving the transplant. That DNA is then inserted in to an egg cell that has had its nucleus removed. After the egg cell begins to divide, embryonic stem cells are harvested and the cells can be grown into complete organs or tissue for the recipient of the transplant.

How are we using it?

Currently & Benefits

Currently, human cloning has been being used to create stem cells for regrowth of organs and tissue. Researchers in California reached a breakthrough, when they created stem cells normally found in babies from adult cells. Since there is no need to extract the stem cells from an embryo, this can lead to new tissue transplants for hundreds of life - threatening diseases such as Parkinson's disease and heart conditions. This makes matters clear that one of the major benefits is that there is no need to take stem cells from an embryo. Another advantage is that organ cloning can be used to grow the species of endangered or possibly even extinct animals. Going back to Dolly the sheep, those researchers discovered that the milk of the cloned sheep contained a protein that can help clot blood in humans whose blood is unable to do so. Since the genetic makeup of cloned organisms are very similar, these animals can be used for drug testing. The similar genetic makeup would cause the animals to react the same rather than animals with different genetic makeups. As it is clearly seen, organ cloning can do more than save people who are trying to get transplants, but can help more people as well.
Therapeutic Cloning