An International Court Of Justice

Hague, The Netherlands

The History Of This Organistaion

  • The international court of justice was established in 1945 and began its work in 1946 after the dissolve of the permanent international court of justice in 1946 its predecessor.
  • The international court of justice located in Hague, Netherlands. Began from the first attempts of negotiations made by the Americans and the British, due to some unresolved issues from American war for independence.
  • However some issues during the negotiations could not be resolved, so both sides delegated specific jobs to a certain amount of nationalist within their country. These people were given specific roles to aid in the resolving of the remaining issues between the British and the Americans.
  • The function of these nationalist,in simple terms were to act as tribunals of justice for disputes on a international level. The British and the Americans both agreed that this method would be the best way to solve their issues.
  • Many other countries also used this method to resolve issues & conflicts on an international level.

Brief Facts on the Organisation

  1. The International court of justice works under the charter of the united nations, abiding by the charters rules and regulations.
  2. The court has two essential roles


  • First role is to settle legal disputes between states
  • There second role is to give advisory information to state bodies and UN Organisations


  1. The tribunal is made from a panel of 15 judges & no two judges on the panel can legally have the same nationality.
  2. The panel members represent no nationality, but as justice's of the peace and work for the well-being of state bodies & UN organisations.
  3. the international court of justice works under is the Charter of the united nations. all there decisions & outcome of cases legally originate from there

Structure in the international court

President
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Vice-President
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Head/ Senior Judge
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Judges on the tribunal
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Committee's functioning in the court(e.g. Administrative committee)

President Ronny Abraham

Below is a photo of the current president of the international court of justice in the Hague, Netherlands.
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Clips Discussing Aspects Of The International Court Of Justice.

The following clips both discuss different areas, on the topic of how the international court of justice operates. Also included are some facts from the previous president of the international court of justice.
International Court of Justice

The Effectiveness of the international court of justice.

  1. Cases in the international court of justice are handled in too very different was, the first method is contentious and the second is advisory.



  • Contentious cases involve legal disputes between states/countries
  • Advisory proceedings involve giving advise to state bodies & UN Organisations




  1. Between the very establishment of the international court of justice till up to today the court has received 161 cases between advisory & contentious cases.
  2. The effectiveness of the organisation is shown through the number of country's who turn to the court when they have issues with other states & bodies.
  3. The link to the case below also highlights how effective the international court of justice really is.

An Example Of A Case

  • Below is a link showing an example of a case that took place in the international court of justice
Can you guess what type of case this is ?

This is a link to a case that occurred in the international court of justice in Hague, Netherlands

Are the decisions of the international court legally binding?

  • The decisions of the international court are in fact legally binding
  • the united nations charter article 94 states that, if a state or body requests for help from the international court in a contentious case the result is in fact legally binding.
  • In terms of advisory proceedings the advice given by the tribunals can be carried out or not, the decision is up to the state or body.