Working through a Civil Case

by Jessica Carter

Learning the vocabulary for a civil case

Plaintiff-The person who sues or brings the case against another person to court

Defendant-The person who is getting sued

Complaint-The first step in filing a civil case, one person describes the person they are suing and the lawsuit

Summons-A request to appear in court because you are a witnesses or defendant

Pleadings-The claims and defenses of each party

Pretrial conference-A conference held before the trial begins to bring the parties together to outline the proceedings

Civil Cases

Most civil cases involve individuals and/or companies. Civil cases take also take much more time to appear in court, unlike criminal cases.

More Vocabulary

Mediation- The parties in a lawsuit meet with a neutral third-party in an effort to settle the case

Arbitration-The use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute

Trial-A formal examination of evidence before a judge

Prepondenerance of evidence-The proof that a plaintiff needs to have to win his or her case

Verdict-The outcome of the case

Appeal- To apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court