Mining & Fracking

Lauren Caterino

The Two Types

There are two types of mining, surface and subsurface.

Surface contains:

  • strip
  • open pit
  • mountain top removal

Subsurface contains:

  • slope
  • drift
  • shaft

Surface mining

Subsurface mining



Fracking is the process of drilling down into the Earth and a a high-pressure water mixture is shot through a tube toward a rock to release the gas inside. Water, sand, and chemicals are injected into the rock at high pressure which allows the gas to flow out to the rock. The effects can contaminate ground water, release methane pollution and climate change, air pollution impacts and much more.