Lollards 3-D Construction

By: Rodrigo Zuniga and Tal Even, 2nd Period


After about 1382, a group of anti-clerical English Christians followed John Wycliffe, a theologian and Christian reformer who translated the bible to vernacular English.


The Lollard Doctrines were ahead of their time, similar to those of the 16th century protestant reformation. The Lollards strongly disagreed with the Catholic Church because of the Pope and hierarchical structure of church authority. “Lollard” was a derogatory term, given by the church, that became synonymous with the word “heretic.” The Lollards’ beliefs and doctrines derived from John Wycliffe were that the Church had become too institutionalized and corrupt. He promoted a simpler, more personal form of Christianity that emphasized humility and piety. He was charged with heresy for his public criticism towards the church though he was never brought to trial, and continued to preach and write until he died in 1384. After his death, the Lollard movement boomed. in 1395, the Lollards petitioned Parliament by publishing The Twelve Conclusions of the Lollards that highlighted points of their theological disagreements with the Catholic Church.


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John Wycliffe is giving the bible translation that he made to his Lollard followers.