Presidential Project

By: Shelbey Gibbs

Herbert Hoover

  • Born- August 10, 1874 / born in West Branch, Ohio
  • Death- October 20, 1964 / died in New York City, NY
  • Term in office- 1929 to 1933
  • Political Affiliation- Republican Party

History / background on Hoover

  • In 1917, after the U.S. entered World War I, Hoover was appointed by President Wilson to be United States Food Administrator to coordinate production and conservation of food supplies.
  • Then in 1919 Hoover founded American Relief Administration which fed 17 million people in 21 countries in the aftermath of the war.
  • After that in 1921, Hoover was appointed Secretary of Commerce by President Harding.
  • In 1922 Hoover published his book "American Individualism" that talked about the characteristics that made American society unique and successful.
  • Afterwards on June 14, 1928 Hoover was nominated for president on the first ballot at the Republican Party National Convention in Kansas City.
  • On November 6, 1928 Hoover was elected President of the United States of America.
  • Finally on March 4, 1929 Herbert Hoover was inaugurated as 31st President of the United States of America.

Schooling and Education

On October 1, 1891 Hoover entered Stanford University as a member of its pioneer class.

Hoover also attended George Fox University, but he graduated from Stanford in 1895, with a degree in geology.

Accomplishments

  • Herbert Hoover is known for being the President of the United States during the stock market crash of 1929, which triggered the start of the Great Depression on October 29, 1929 to 1939.
  • On June 15, 1929 Hoover made a call to a special session of Congress, the Agricultural Marking Act was passed, which established a Federal Farm Board that worked to stabilize agricultural prices.
  • Then after the Wall Street stock market crashed, Hoover began a series of meetings with business, labor and government leaders called the conference for Continued Industrial Progress in which he secured pledges to maintain current employment and wage levels in 1929.
  • In January, of 1930 Hoover instituted a vigorous public works program in which he authorized $635 million for construction projects.
  • Then in February 1930, Hoover appointed Charles Evans Hughes Chief Justice of the Supreme court.
  • On June 17, 1930 Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff into law which set tariffs to historically high levels. Also on July 21, 1930 he combined all federal Veteran's services into one agency, the Veterans Administration.
  • On September 17, 1930 The Hoover Dam in Nevada was dedicated and it was completed in 1936.
  • October 21, 1930 Hoover created the President's Emergency Committee for Employment, which promoted private sector responses to unemployment.
  • Then March 3, 1931 President Hoover signed legislation designating "The Star Spangled Banner" as the national anthem.
  • August 19, 1931 Hoover established the President's Organization on Unemployment Relief to stimulate and coordinate employment and relief activities.
  • On January 22, 1932 The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was created to make loans to struggling business.
  • Then on July 28, 1932 Hoover ordered federal troops to clear from Washington, D.C., the Bonus Army that was occupying federal buildings and petitioning for an early cash payment of their bonus certificate due in 1945.

3 Major Events

  1. Stock Market Crash of 1929
  2. The Great Depression of 1929 to 1939
  3. Black Tuesday of October 29, 1929 (stocks completely crash and banks would call in loans.)

3 Major Legislative Actioons

  1. Agricultural Marketing Act of June 15, 1929 (help aid farmers).
  2. January 22, 1932 The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was created to make loans to struggling business.
  3. October 21, 1930 Hoover created the President's Emergency Committee for Employment, which promoted private sector responses to unemployment.

Overall Thoughts about Hoover

The overall thoughts from our nation about Herbert Hoover while he was President was not good. They see him as one of the worst President, because when he became President in 1929 the Stock Market Crash and The Great Depression started. So this means there was lots of unemployment (highest unemployment rate), people got their money out of the banks, the banks were failing and wiped out millions of investors. Lots of Americans were angry towards him, so they saw Hoover as a poor communicator, came across as mean-spirited and uncaring. (This is what caused him to lose the election against Franklin D. Roosevelt) Many people said that Hoover failed to rise to the greatest challenge of his time. Also a fun fact about Hoover is when the Stock Market Crash occurred his named became synonymous with the hardships faced by many, soup was called "Hoover stew" and shantytowns made of cardboard and sheets were called "Hoovervilles."

Presidental Candidate Hoover would vote for

Although Herbert Hoover is dead now, I believe he would have voted for Donald Trump, because Hoover and Trump are both Republicans and they're both careless. I believe Herbert Hoover would agree with a lot of Trump's ideas, because Republican's views on jobs focus around helping small businesses and promoting international competition, which Hoover did during the Great Depression.

4 Famous Quotes from Hoover

  1. "Children are the most wholesome part of the race, the sweetest, for they are the freshest from the hand of god."
  2. "Truth alone can stand the guns of criticism."
  3. "One of the primary necessities of the world for the maintenance of peace is the elimination of the frictions which arise from competitive armament."
  4. "Freedom is the open window through which pours the sunlight of the human spirit and human dignity."

Work Cited Page

"Hoover Timeline." Herbert Hoover. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2016.

"Infobase Learning - Login." Infobase Learning - Login. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.

Post, Twisted Pair. "Quotes by Herbert Hoover." Hoover Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.

"(no Title)." Republican Views & Beliefs On The Issues That Matter. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.

Social Policy: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. K. Lee Lerner, Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, and Adrienne Wilmoth Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. From Global Issues in Context.

"GALE Herbet Hoover." Powersearch Texquest. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2016.

History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.

"Stock Market Crash of 1929 Speeches & Audio." Stock Market Crash of 1929. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2016.