The life of a Toddler

By: Jacob Brown

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Toddlerhood Development

Physical qualities:

  • Toddlers are between the ages of 1 and 3 years of age.
  • By the age of two the head decreases from 1/4 to 1/5 of the total body length.


Motor Skills:

  • Learn to run for short distances.
  • Kick
  • Throw
  • Walk backwards
  • Climb stairs more easily

Nutrition:

  • No longer needs baby food.
  • Needs to drink at least 2 cups of whole milk daily.
  • Eats finger foods
  • Needs to eat a variety of nutritious foods to include plenty of fruits and vegetables.

Potty Training and Sleep:

  • Needs about 10-15 hours of sleep each day.
  • Bedtime routine such nightly baths and story time can help with putting the toddler to bed.
  • Potty training starts around at least 18 months of age.

Medical Care:

  • The AMA recommends checkups at the ages of 12, 18, 24, and 36 months of age for healthly development.



I remember my mom telling stories about me when I was this age. She use to say I took one step and that was it. I never walked again I just ran where I needed to go.

My favorite story was always about feeding time. She would say that feeding me was almost impossible because I always kept stealing the spoon. She finally allowed me to have my own spoon. She would give me one spoonful and I would help by either feeding her or my put food in my eye, hair any place but my mouth.

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Social and Emotional Development

Signs:

  • Needs to feel love and affection
  • They need to be talked to, listened to and interacted with on new and many levels.

Relationships:

  • Caregivers direct toddler's behavior more than when they where infants.
  • "don't touch" "hot" and "time for night-night" are common commands used when guiding toddlers.

Emotions:

  • Around the age of 2, toddlers become more emotionally sensitive than before.
  • Easily excited, upset and scared.
  • Around the age of 2, fears and anxieties may become nightmares.

Guidance:

  • Toddles are more aware of people and events around them.
  • Caregivers need to avoid getting caught up in their own emotions when dealing with an irrational toddler.

Culture:

  • Many parents have strong ideas about how their interactions with toddlers should be and look.
  • Many parents do not realize how much time and energy it takes to interact with a toddler.
  • Toddlers need two-way interactions with their care givers to develop the necessary brain pathways.

Special Needs:

  • If a developmental delay is evident then the toddler may be tested for disabilities, i.e. hearing loss or cerebral palsy.


My mom use to say that I was scared of the dark. I was always afraid of monsters. So she made up Monster Spray. She would help me spray my closet and under my bed to keep the monsters away. It wasn't until I was older that found out it was nothing more then cheap air freshener.

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INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT

Piaget:

  • Toddlers are still in the sensorimotor stage.
  • At 18-24 months of age, toddlers still use their senses to learn, but they are developing a more sophisticated thought processes.

Vygotsky:

  • Caregivers and older peers/sibling help toddlers learn.
  • Zone of Proximal development

Brain Development:

  • During infancy, neurons in the brain grown and sprout branches and pathways.
  • The brain will make more connections than it will ever need.
  • During the toddler years, the neuron pathways continue to development.

Language Development and Reading:

  • One most easiest seen areas of cognitive development is the swift increase in language understanding and using spoken words.
  • First words are often "dada" and "mama".
  • By the end of the toddler years, children can usually say several hundred words.
  • Social interaction has the largest impact on language development.
  • Books and reading are an excellent way to build bonds between the caregiver and the toddler, while encouraging the use of language.

I can only say this about my toddler development is this, my favorite toy was a cellphone. It still is today.