Classifying the Colonies

Assignment #2

Jamestown

-Founded in 1607 by the Virginia Co.
  • Important because it was the start of the colony, a model for future colonies

-First Permanent North American Colony.

  • Other colonies had failed in the past

-House of Burgesses

  • First representative government in North America

-John Rolfe

  • Father of tobacco

-Chesapeake region

  • Good location to start a colony (could see up and down the James river, but far enough on land to minimize conflict with enemy ships).
-Indenture Servants

  • First arrived in Jamestown

-Tobacco

  • Cash crop of colony

-London Company

  • Formed to bring profit and establish a colony

-Gold

  • Reason why they came to North America

-James River

  • Jamestown was along the banks of the James River.

Massachusetts Bay

-John Smith
  • In 1614 sailed to MA bay and his writings were the foundation for the early plans of other colonists.

-John Winthrop

  • Led first group of people to the colony and served as governor there for 12 years.

-Compulsory Education

  • Still is the system of education today.

-Shipbuilding, Fisheries and Manufacturing

  • Businesses that got going quickly and supported the colony.

-Settled in 1630

  • One of first settlements, and had 1000 puritans.

-Puritans

  • Founded colony

-Plymouth

  • Eventually was merged with Massachusetts Bay colony

-Anne Hutchison

  • Spiritual Adviser, participant in Antinomian colony

-Roger Williams

  • Eventually went to sponsor Rhode Island

-"Commonwealth of Massachusetts"

  • Oldest constitution in use throughout the world.


Pennsylvania

-Founded in 1682
  • Safe haven for Quakers

-William Penn

  • Founded the colony
  • used his wealth to protect the Quakers by making the colony

-Agriculture and Manufacturing

  • Leading agricultural area, and had lots of manufacturing jobs.

-King Charles II

  • Granted William Penn land territory for the Pennsylvania colony.
-Quakers
  • Colony was made for religious freedom for Quakers
  • Were dominant

-Tolerated all religions

  • Allowed many people from many places

-Leni Lenape

  • Made treaty with Leni to purchase his land.

-"Breadbasket" Colony

  • Grew many crops, especially wheat.Wheat was ground in mills then shipped to England.

-Proprietary colony

  • Land granted by king in England, by 1775 was governed as a proprietary colony.

-Range of geography features

  • Mountain ranges, coastal plains, plateaus, and Lake Erie Lowlands

Maryland

-Proprietary Government
  • Individuals were granted land to form colonies

-Indentured Servants

  • The need for cheap labor to grow tobacco rapidly increased the number of slaves.

-Chesapeake Bay

  • Had access to waterways for ships for transport and trade

-Lord Baltimore

  • Wanted to make colony for christians during time of European Wars of Religion.

-Tobacco

  • Was the center of the economy
-Toleration Act

  • 1649: one of the first laws that defined toleration of christians

-Puritans

  • Left Virginia and headed for Maryland because Virginia's official religion changed.

-St. Mary City

  • Spot of Maryland Government

-Calvert Family

  • Controlled Maryland

-Mason-Dixon Line

  • Used as boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania. Later used as boundary for free and slave states.

Georgia

-John Oglethorpe
  • Led first group of colonists to Georgia, after a petition was approved.

-1733

  • Last colony that was founded in North America

-Savannah River

  • Location of the first colony in Georgia

- "Buffer"

  • Was the state in between French Louisiana and Spanish Florida. They were having issues with each other.

-Creek Indians

  • Main tribe and had friendly interactions with Spanish. Made trade connections with the indians.
-King George's War

  • Spanish Florida and Georgia were having problems

-1752

  • Became royal colony

-Slaves

  • Had lots of plantations so needed slaves for cheap labor

-William Stephens

  • Came from England to serve as secretary of Trustee of Georgia

-Agricultural

  • Main source of profit, grew many cash crops with slaves.