Mining & Fracking
Ace Z. and Spencer B.
What is Fracking
SOME EFFECTS OF FRACKING
- Uses over 600 chemicals
- Uses 8,000,000 gallons of water
- Can cause sensory, respiratory, and neurological damage to people who drink the contaminated water
- Chemicals are not biodegradable
- Releases volatile organic compounds into the atmosphere
Surface and Subsurface mining
Mountaintop Removal - A new type of strip mining in Appalachian that removes coal from mountains.
Open-pit Mining - A type of surface mining done by removing rocks or minerals from an open pit.
Strip Mining - A type of surface mining that uncovers mineral reserves.
Subsurface mining - A process of digging a shaft or tunnel to reach buried mineral deposits.
Slope Mining - A type of subsurface mining in which a slope is made to give access underground and more.
Drift Mining - A type of subsurface mining in which a horizontal passage is dug to extract ore veins.
Shaft Mining - A type of subsurface mining where a near vertical or vertical tunnel is dug to extract ore veins.
SOME EFFECTS OF MINING
- Acid mine drainage
- Loss of biodiversity
- Contamination of soil