Mining & Fracking

Ace Z. and Spencer B.

What is Fracking

Fracking- When you drill into the ground and fire high pressure water at rocks to release gas.

SOME EFFECTS OF FRACKING

  • Uses over 600 chemicals
  • Uses 8,000,000 gallons of water
  • Contamination
  • Can cause sensory, respiratory, and neurological damage to people who drink the contaminated water
  • Chemicals are not biodegradable
  • Releases volatile organic compounds into the atmosphere

Surface and Subsurface mining

Surface Mining - A broad category in which soil and rock is removed overlying the minerals.

Mountaintop Removal - A new type of strip mining in Appalachian that removes coal from mountains.

Open-pit Mining - A type of surface mining done by removing rocks or minerals from an open pit.

Strip Mining - A type of surface mining that uncovers mineral reserves.

Subsurface mining - A process of digging a shaft or tunnel to reach buried mineral deposits.

Slope Mining - A type of subsurface mining in which a slope is made to give access underground and more.

Drift Mining - A type of subsurface mining in which a horizontal passage is dug to extract ore veins.

Shaft Mining - A type of subsurface mining where a near vertical or vertical tunnel is dug to extract ore veins.

SOME EFFECTS OF MINING

  • Acid mine drainage
  • Erosion
  • Sinkholes
  • Loss of biodiversity
  • Contamination of soil

Mining