4th Grade

Essential Questions/Question Stems

How does poetry differ from other forms of writing?

How do words create visual images and meaning for the reader?

How do writers evoke an emotional response?


Stanza-In poetry, each line of words is placed within a stanza, a group of lines

that convey an idea.

Rhyme- Two or more words which match in the same last sound (bat, cat, sat).

Simile-A comparison of unlike objects using the words like or as. “She is as

beautiful as a sunrise.”

Meter-A rhythmic pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.

Line Break-The place where the poet chooses to end a line, often used to

indicate rhythm or to represent meaning.


Alliteration-A repetition of consonant sounds, such as “the smooth, skaterly glide

and sudden swerve.”

Imagery-The use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas.

Lyrical Poetry-Personal and descriptive poetry; it helps the reader feel through

the senses. Lyric poetry showcases melodic language that conveys a sense of


Free Verse Poetry-Poetry that does not rhyme and has no regular rhythm. In free

verse, the poet creates the rules, drawing on his intuitive sense of how the

poem should look, sound, and express meaning.

Metaphor-A direct comparison of two unlike things. “All the world’s a stage, and we

are merely players.”

Poetry minilessons & Resources


Poetry Resources- http://www.theteachersguide.com/poetrymonth.htm



The link More Than Words provides an opportunity/ structure for the students to make

inferences about poetry.

See Colorin Colorado for more tips on reading poetry with ELLs.




Poetry Activities

Poetry Project

Poetry Slam (Poetry Reading)

Poetry Slam Requirements:

Poet has written an original poem (YOU wrote it!)

Poet used poetic language (similes, metaphors, good word choice).

Poem contains emotion, mental images, and/or music.

Poet uses body movement, facial expressions and gestures.

Poet speaks clearly.

Poet speaks loud enough for audience to hear.

Poet reads the poem at an appropriate speed. (Not too fast, or slow.)

Poet makes eye contact with the audience while reciting poem.

Poet has memorized their poem.(or could have on a note card.)

Poet effectively performs to the audience.

Cam's 4th Grade Poetry Slam

Figurative Language

Figurative Language activity. Talk about simile, metaphor, personification, understatement, and hyperbole in class. Come up with some examples together. Then give students post it's and direct them to come up with their own example for each of the five and stick the post it on the corresponding piece of chart paper (chart paper for each figure of speech should be hung on the walls around the room.) So much fun to go over in class, and the activity also works really well with sound devices, too