ISLAM by James O'Keefe

Three Religions Project - Ms. Pattison, Period 6

The basic beliefs of Islam

The single most important belief in Islam is that there is only one God and the name of God is "Allah". The followers of Islam are called Muslims. Muslims believe that Muhammed was a prophet and messenger of Allah. The formal acts of worship are known as the five “pillars” of Islam. The five pillars of Islam are the declaration of faith, prayer, fasting, charity, and pilgrimage.

The crescent moon and star is an internationally recognized symbol of Islam, and is shown in the above picture.

Some more facts about Islam:

The holy book of Islam is the Quran

The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from Allah. .Muslims regard the Quran as the most important miracle of Muhammad, the proof of his prophethood. It is many of divine messages that started with the messages that god revealed to Adam and and ended with Muhammad.

Holy Cities and Places - Mecca

Mecca is a city in Saudi Arabiathat is of major religious importance to Muslims. Mecca is the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammed. One of the five duties of Islam is called the Hajj, which requires all able-bodied Muslims to make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime.

Holy days and Holidays

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Every day during this month, Muslims around the world spend the daylight hours in a complete fast.

They abstain from food, drink, and other physical needs during the daylight hours. Ramadan is a time to purify the soul, refocus attention on God, and practice self-sacrifice.

Ramadan, Islam’s month of fasting, is marked by a celebration when it ends. This is the Festival of Breaking of the Fast, or popularly called the Eid al-Fitr. It is one of the important Muslim religious holidays celebrated world wide. It is also the First Eid of the year.

The Second Eid is the Eid al-Adha. At the end of the Hajj (annual pilgrimage to Mecca), Muslims throughout the world celebrate the holiday of Eid al-Adha which means festival of sacrifice. In 2014, Eid al-Adha will begin on or around October 4th, and will last for three days.